Childhood Developmental Disorders: An Overview, Psychometric Assessment and Problems of Management in Nigeria
Developmental disorders are reported to be on the increase worldwide; with figures as high as 17% prevalence rate reported from advanced countries of the world. Despite the dearth of epidemiological data from sub-saharan Africa, higher figures are expected due to numerous health problems that can possibly affect the brain of the growing child. Thus, this paper aims to highlight a number of constraints that hinder the management of developmental disorders in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A search was conducted through publications on developmental disorders with particular emphasis on local studies. The search cuts across the various specialties involved in the management of developmental disorders. Results: Developmental disorders continue to pose serious management challenge in Nigeria. Few but very important ones include the dearth of both investigative and rehabilitative facilities; as well as grossly inadequate number of professionals in the management of these problems. Conclusion: Consequent to the lack of curative treatment, preventive measures such as improved Primary Health Care most especially the Maternal and Child Health component is advocated which will no doubt greatly minimize the prevalence of these problems.
Keywords: Developmental Disorders; Overview; Management Problems; Nigeria
Nigerian Journal of Psychiatry Vol. 6 (1) 2008: pp. 16-20