Nigerian Journal of Surgery

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Breast Lumps: A 21‑Year Single‑Center Clinical and Histological Analysis

GE Njeze


Objective: To review the presentation and histological diagnosis of breast lumps of patients seen in Trans Ekulu Hospital Enugu Southeastern Nigeria from 1993 to 2013 in a period of 21 years.

Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study covering a period of 21 years. Case notes of patients containing clinical information and their histology reports were studied.

Results: Only 38% of the patients came within 3 months of finding lumps in their breast. Onehundred and thirty‑seven patients (83%) had benign disease, i.e., fibroadenoma, mammary dysplasia, cysts, adenomas, tuberculosis, phyllodes tumor, mastitis, and lipoma. Only 16.9% i.e., 28 patients had breast cancer, out of which two females were in their 20s, and three were males.

Conclusions: Benign breast diseases, i.e., fibroadenoma, fibroadenosis, cysts, adenomas, tuberculosis, phyllodes, mastitis, and lipoma are the commoner breast diseases in our locality.

Keywords: Breast lumps, biopsy, Enugu, single centre, Southeastern Nigeria

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