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Nigerian Journal of Surgical Sciences

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Ocular Diseases in HIV/AIDS

B O Adegbehingbe, O A Olasode

Abstract




This study evaluated the prevalence of HIV seropositivity among a suspected group and describes the ocular manifestations among patients seen at the eye clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife.
Confirmatory diagnosis of HIV/AIDS by serologic tests was positive in 11 (28.9%) patients. Age range of 11 HIV/AIDS positive patients was 16 to 56 years, with a mean age of 32 +/- 2.7 years. There were 7 males and 4 females, giving a male to female ratio of 1.8:1. Of the 11 indexed patients, 1 had squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva related to acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; four [36.4%] had herpes zoster ophthalmicus (3 males and I female) and herpes simplex keratitis (1).Others were lateral rectus muscle palsy and associated optic atrophy(1), uveitis(2), uniocular pan-uveitis with rubeosis iridis(1) and retinopathy (2).
This study showed a significant proportion of patients suspected of HIV/AIDS among high risk patients were actually infected. A high index of suspicion is required in diagnosing HIV/AIDS among ophthalmic patients.


Keywords: This study evaluated the prevalence of HIV seropositivity among a suspected group and describes the ocular manifestations among patients seen at the eye clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife.
Confirmatory diagnosis of HIV/AIDS by serologic tests was positive in 11 (28.9%) patients. Age range of 11 HIV/AIDS positive patients was 16 to 56 years, with a mean age of 32 +/- 2.7 years. There were 7 males and 4 females, giving a male to female ratio of 1.8:1. Of the 11 indexed patients, 1 had squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva related to acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; four [36.4%] had herpes zoster ophthalmicus (3 males and I female) and herpes simplex keratitis (1).Others were lateral rectus muscle palsy and associated optic atrophy(1), uveitis(2), uniocular pan-uveitis with rubeosis iridis(1) and retinopathy (2).
This study showed a significant proportion of patients suspected of HIV/AIDS among high risk patients were actually infected. A high index of suspicion is required in diagnosing HIV/AIDS among ophthalmic patients.
This study evaluated the prevalence of HIV seropositivity among a suspected group and describes the ocular manifestations among patients seen at the eye clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife.
Confirmatory diagnosis of HIV/AIDS by serologic tests was positive in 11 (28.9%) patients. Age range of 11 HIV/AIDS positive patients was 16 to 56 years, with a mean age of 32 +/- 2.7 years. There were 7 males and 4 females, giving a male to female ratio of 1.8:1. Of the 11 indexed patients, 1 had squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva related to acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; four [36.4%] had herpes zoster ophthalmicus (3 males and I female) and herpes simplex keratitis (1).Others were lateral rectus muscle palsy and associated optic atrophy(1), uveitis(2), uniocular pan-uveitis with rubeosis iridis(1) and retinopathy (2).
This study showed a significant proportion of patients suspected of HIV/AIDS among high risk patients were actually infected. A high index of suspicion is required in diagnosing HIV/AIDS among ophthalmic patients.
This study evaluated the prevalence of HIV seropositivity among a suspected group and describes the ocular manifestations among patients seen at the eye clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife.
Confirmatory diagnosis of HIV/AIDS by serologic tests was positive in 11 (28.9%) patients. Age range of 11 HIV/AIDS positive patients was 16 to 56 years, with a mean age of 32 +/- 2.7 years. There were 7 males and 4 females, giving a male to female ratio of 1.8:1. Of the 11 indexed patients, 1 had squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva related to acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; four [36.4%] had herpes zoster ophthalmicus (3 males and I female) and herpes simplex keratitis (1).Others were lateral rectus muscle palsy and associated optic atrophy(1), uveitis(2), uniocular pan-uveitis with rubeosis iridis(1) and retinopathy (2).
This study showed a significant proportion of patients suspected of HIV/AIDS among high risk patients were actually infected. A high index of suspicion is required in diagnosing HIV/AIDS among ophthalmic patients. Keywords: Eye, HIV/AIDS, Suspicion


Nigerian Journal of Surgical Science Vol. 16 (2) 2006: pp. 47-53



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njssci.v16i2.38385
AJOL African Journals Online