Optimum Arrangement of Ponds in a Given Area

  • JC Agunwamba
  • EC Ukpong
  • A Ibrahim
  • JA Tanko
Keywords: ponds, optimality


Several factors that affect the arrangement of ponds in a given area are presented and the weaknesses of the current pond orientation highlighted. The concept of orthogonality in pond layout is also introduced. It is illustrated that non-orthogonal pond arrangement could result in optimal land use. Efficiency, cost of inter-pond pipe connections and maintenance of orthogonal and non-orthogonal systems were discussed. Land area and cost of inter-pond connections could further be reduced if pond shapes other than rectangular shapes are used.

Technical Notes

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2467-8821
print ISSN: 0331-8443