THEORETICAL INVESTIGATION OF STRESSES DISTRIBUTIONS IN HOLLOW SANDCRETE BLOCKS DUE TO VARIATION OF CAVITY SIZES AND NUMBER WEB THICKNESS
The relationship between cavity size and number on one hand and combinations of web thicknesses were investigated theoretically. The least number of cavities was 4 for end-web to centre web ratio of 1:2 at constant shell thickness with the least web thickness equal to 12.5mm. The effects of the number of cavities and web thickness on strength were also investigated. The test thin plate distributes the load on the block and the hollow block is regarded as a two way slab. One of the principal findings is that the variation of maximum stresses with the number of cavity is Gaussian for end-web to centre-web ratio of 1:1 but polynomial for 1:2. In addition, the lowest stress is induced when the end to centre ratio is one. The maximum stress, (21.5N/mm2) occurred at the cavity length (a*) of 125mm for 3 cavities while the end (end centre) web thickness (t) was 25mm respectively. In order words, this combination should be avoided as it will lead to creation of highest stress in the hollow sandcrete blocks. The configuration which will result in least stress (0.5N/mm2) is (a *, N, t) = (50mm, 4mm, 50mm). However, this combination also gave a high maximum stress (6.9N/mm2) in a web, implying that the right choice of configuration should be rather the one that creates the smallest set of maximum stresses in all members. Overall, the best configuration is 2 cavities with web thickness 50mm for an end web to centre web ratio of 1:1 (3.3N/mm2). The corresponding values for 1: 2 ratios are 3 cavities with 50mm shell thickness (4.8N/mm2). The method presented showed meaningful insight could be investigating theoretically.