Nigerian Journal of Technology

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Optimization of coagulation-flocculation process for colour removal from Azo dye using natural polymers: response surface methodological approach

I. A. Obiora-Okafo, O. D. Onukwuli


The ability of organic polymer rich coagulants for colour removal from acid dye was studied. An improved method for the extraction of the active coagulant agent from the seeds was employed. The effects of four variables including pH, coagulant dosage, dye concentration and time were analyzed. Response surface methodology (RSM) using face-centered central composite design (FCCD) was used to optimize the four variables. Increase in the colour removal efficiency was higher in acidic solution pH. Accurate control of coagulant dosages gave optimum destabilization of charged particles and re-stabilization occurred at above 800mg/L dosages. Polymer performances were measured through time-dependent decrease in particle concentrations following aggregates growth. The verification experiment agreed with the predicted values having less than 4% standard error. Overlay contour plot was used to establish an optimum condition for the multiple responses studied. The response surface approach was appropriate for optimizing the coagulation-flocculation process while minimizing the number of experiments. Coagulants studied should be considered as an alternative for conventional coagulants that are widely used in dye wastewater treatment plants.

Keywords: Coagulation-flocculation, Azocarmine G, multiple response optimization, response surface design, colour removal, natural organic polymers.
AJOL African Journals Online