Evaluation of factors influencing intention to quit smokeless and cigarette tobacco use among Nigerian adolescents

  • Israel Agaku
  • Adisa O Akinyele
  • Uyoyo T Omaduvie


Background: Smokeless and cigarette tobacco use is becoming increasingly popular among Nigerian adolescents. This study aimed to evaluate predictors of intention to quit tobacco use among adolescents that currently use tobacco products in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A total of 536 male and female high school students in senior classes in Benue State, Nigeria were enrolled into the cross-sectional study. The survey instrument was adapted from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) questionnaire. Results: Among adolescents with tobacco habits, 80.5% of smokeless tobacco users and 82.8% of cigarette smokers intended to quit tobacco use within 12 months. After adjustment, significant predictors of intention to quit cigarette smoking were parents’ smoking status (P = 0.03) perception that smokeless tobacco use made one more comfortable at social events (P = 0.04) and perception of harm from smokeless use (P = 0.02). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that the intention to quit smokeless and cigarette tobacco use is significantly predicted by perception about the societal acceptance of tobacco use at social events, parents and peers’ tobacco use status as well as the perception of harm from use of tobacco products. Providing social support may increase quit attempts among youth smokers.

Keywords: Adolescents, cigarettes, intention to quit, interventions, smokeless-tobacco, smoking, tobacco

Nigerian Medical Journal | Vol. 53 | Issue 1 | January-March | 2012

Author Biographies

Israel Agaku
Center for Global Tobacco Control, Harvard School of Public Health Boston, MA 02115
Adisa O Akinyele
Departments of Oral Pathology, University College Hospital Ibadan
Uyoyo T Omaduvie
Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2229-774X
print ISSN: 0300-1652