Assessment of the effect of probiotic curd consumption on salivary pH and streptococcus mutans counts

  • R Sudhir
  • P Praveen
  • A Anantharaj
  • Karthik Venkataraghavan

Abstract

Background: Antimicrobial methods of controlling dental caries that include probiotic agents can play a valuable role in establishing caries control in children at moderate to high risk for developing dental caries. Several studies have demonstrated the beneficial effects of use of various Probiotic products including curd. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of short‑term consumption of probiotic curd containing Lactobacillus acidophilus and normal curd on salivary Streptococcus Mutans counts, as well as salivary pH. Materials and Methods: Forty, caries‑free, 10‑12 years old children were selected and randomly allocated to two groups. Test Group consisted of 20 children who consumed 200ml of probiotic curd daily for 30 days. Control Group consisted of 20 children who were given 200ml of regular curd for 30 days. Salivary pH and salivary Streptococcus Mutans counts were recorded at baseline and after 30 days and statistically compared using the Student’s t‑test. Results: Consumption of probiotic curd resulted in a statistically significant reduction in S. Mutans colony counts (P0.05) in both the groups. Conclusion: Short‑term consumption of probiotic curds can reduce oral S. Mutans counts. However, this caused a slight reduction in salivary pH.

Keywords: Dental caries, probiotic, curd, salivary pH, streptococcus mutans

Nigerian Medical Journal | Vol. 53 | Issue 3 | July-September | 2012

Author Biographies

R Sudhir
Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, D.A.P.M.R.V Dental College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
P Praveen
Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, D.A.P.M.R.V Dental College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
A Anantharaj
Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, D.A.P.M.R.V Dental College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Karthik Venkataraghavan
Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, D.A.P.M.R.V Dental College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Published
2014-07-09
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2229-774X
print ISSN: 0300-1652