Serum lipid profile in alcoholic cirrhosis: A study in a teaching hospital of north‑eastern India
AbstractBackground: Alcoholic cirrhosis is often associated with impaired lipid metabolism. However, there are only a few studies regarding lipid profile in alcoholic cirrhosis that have been undertaken in India. The aim of the study is to assess the degree of alteration of serum lipid profile in alcoholic cirrhotic patients and also to detect its relationship with the age of the patients and the alcohol consumption pattern. Patients and Methods: This cross‑sectional study was conducted in a teaching hospital of north‑eastern India for 1 year with 100 patients with alcoholic cirrhosis (cases) and 50 healthy individuals (controls) without history of alcohol consumption. A questionnaire of personal characteristics including history of alcoholism was completed for each patient. Serum lipid profile (total, low‑density lipoprotein (LDL), high‑density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and triglyceride) was recorded for each case and control. t test of significance was applied for statistical analysis. Results: Majority of the cases were in the 41‑50 years age group. There was no relationship of cirrhosis with the type of alcoholic beverage, but a definite relationship was observed with the quantity and the duration of alcohol consumption. In patients with cirrhosis, the total serum cholesterol level was decreased. There was a significant decrease in serum HDL and LDL cholesterol compared with the control group (P < 0.001). However, the serum triglyceride levels were significantly increased in alcoholic cirrhotic patients compared with the control group (P < 0.001). Conclusion: In this study, we found that there was marked alteration of serum lipid profile values in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis compared with normal, non‑cirrhotic individuals. Therefore, a search for lipid profile abnormality should be performed in every cirrhotic patient.
Keywords: Alcohol consumption, alcoholic cirrhosis, serum lipid profile
Nigerian Medical Journal | Vol. 54 | Issue 1 | January-February | 2013