Anthropometry and cardiovascular disease risk factors among retirees and non‑retirees in Ile‑Ife, Nigeria: A comparative study

  • Israel Arogundade Ojo
  • Jibril Mohammed


Background: Increasing affluence in low‑income countries has been associated with lifestyle‑related conditions, which may afford some people the opportunity to retire from gainful employment. This study examined the relationship between selected anthropometric variables and cardiovascular disease risk factors among age‑matched retirees and non‑retirees in Ile‑Ife, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Self‑reported healthy adults (104 retirees and 99 age‑matched non‑retirees) were purposively recruited. Weight, height, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were measured with standard equipment and procedures. An established questionnaire was used to classify the subjects into high, medium and low cardiovascular disease risk categories. The data were analysed with basic description and inferential statistics. Results: Mean ages for the retirees and non‑retirees were 64.8 ± 7.0 years and 63.8 ± 4.5 years, respectively. The mean systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and waist circumference were higher for the retirees than for the non‑retirees (all P < 0.01) as were the mean cardiovascular disease risk factors scores (P < 0.01). Conclusion: The study concludes that retirees have a higher risk for cardiovascular disease than non‑retirees and weight and Body Mass Index are the major determinants. Studies are needed to explain the differences in body composition indices and cardiovascular disease risk factors between retirees and age‑matched non‑retirees

Keywords: Antropometry, cardiovascular diseases, retirees, risk factors

Nigerian Medical Journal | Vol. 54 | Issue 3 | May-June | 2013

Author Biographies

Israel Arogundade Ojo
Department of Physiotherapy, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osun State
Jibril Mohammed
Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, Bayero University, Kano, Kano State, Nigeria

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2229-774X
print ISSN: 0300-1652