Experience with hysteroscopy in a private specialist hospital in Nigeria
Background: Hysteroscopy is a standard method for the evaluation and treatment of various gynecological disorders. Its availability and accessibility are limited in our setting owing to resource constraints. Nevertheless, the utilization is on the increase mostly in private health institutions in Nigeria and as an adjunct in infertility management. Objectives: The objective is to document the experience and outcome of hysteroscopy surgeries at a private specialist‑assisted reproduction and endoscopy unit. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of all hysteroscopic procedures conducted at the unit was undertaken. Relevant sociodemographic and clinical information were extracted for analysis. In addition, outcomes of the procedure and outcome for those who eventually had in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment were documented for analysis. Results: A total of 106 patients had hysteroscopy over the study period. The age of patients ranged from 24 to 55 years. The most common indication for hysteroscopy was uterine synechiae (50%) others were preparatory for IVF (30.2%), uterine fibroid/polyp (10.4%), and abnormal uterine bleeding (9.4%), respectively. The major findings at hysteroscopy were intrauterine adhesions 68.9%. Therapeutic adhesiolysis was done using the scissors in most cases (83%) while two patients (1.9%) had adhesiolysis and resection of uterine polyp. A complication of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema was recorded from fluid overload. Overall most had return to normal menses (65.1%). Thirty‑nine (38.8%) women had IVF treatment after hysteroscopy of which outcome was successful in 16 (41%) women. Conclusion: The utilization of hysteroscopic surgeries in management of endometrial pathologies is increasing. It offers a safe and effective treatment and is a useful adjunct for improving IVF outcome especially for those with repeated failed treatment.