Obesity and Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer
The prevalence of obesity is rising worldwide including Sub-Saharan Africa just as the incidence of breast cancer is rising in same region with increasing morbidity and mortality. Obesity or overweight has been identified as a risk factor for breast cancer and both have been associated with poor outcome of breast cancer treatment. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of obesity /overweight on clinical response to Adriamycin Cyclophosphamide-Paclitaxel (AC-P) regimen neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer. A prospective observational of 39 female patients with breast cancer. A prospective observational study of newly diagnosed breast cancer patients with palpable breast lumps on neoadjuvant chemotherapy of AC-P regime. Age of the patients, tumour size, stage, estrogen, progestogen and HER2 receptor status were noted. Height measured in metres and weight measured in Kilograms were recorded and Body Mass Index (BMI) calculated .Tumour size measured at presentation, then after first, third, sixth and eighth doses to determine response as defined by the UICC method such as complete clinical response, partial clinical response, stable disease and progressive disease. BMI was then categorized into Normal weight 25kg/m2 and Overweight 25-30kg/m2 and Obese 30kg/m2. 43.6% were obese, 33.3% were overweight and 23.1% were normal weight. Thirty percent of overweight /obese patients had complete clinical response 2 compared with 77% of low/normal weight patients and this was statistically significant (X2 =6.53, p 0.015). 76.7% of the overweight/obese were premenopausal compared with 23.3% who were post menopausal, and this is statistically significant.(X2 =5.84, p 0.024). Obesity/ overweight is associated with poorer clinical response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the cohort of patients studied.
Key words: Obesity, Overweight, complete clinical response, BMI, Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, Breast cancer.