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Poliomyelitis: An Assessment of the Knowledge of Women in Jos Nigeria and Implications for its Global Eradication Early 21st Century
Declaration of Nigeria a polio free nation early 21st century would require a proper understanding and cooperation of all her citizens especially the women. This study was therefore carried out to assess the knowledge about polio among women in Jos. A cross-sectional study involving administration of questionnaires to 2,431 women scattered across six different parts of the city was carried out between February and April 2006. Information on questionnaire such as- age, educational level, marital status, and modes of transmission and control of polio were obtained. Results were analysed using Epi Info 2002 version statistical software and P values < 0.05 were considered significant. About 7% (170) of the 2431 women studied had no knowledge of polio. Majority of those without knowledge of polio had no formal education (p<0.05); based on religion, 11.6%(88) of Moslems had no knowledge of polio as compared to 4.1%(63) Christians, and 19.8%(17) of traditional worshipers, (p<0.05); awareness of polio among married women was significantly higher than that of the singles, (p<0.05). Also varied and conflicting modes of transmission and control of polio were enumerated by several women (about 30%), while 297(12.2%) and 171(7.0%) respondents had no knowledge about the modes of transmission and control of polio respectively. Up to 30% of adult women in Jos lack proper understanding of polio. Public enlightenment should be more coordinated and stepped up along with the regular immunization campaigns. Also education of girl child and that of adult woman be given priority to enhance their knowledge, and adequate incentives provided for its success.
Keywords: Poliomyelitis, Knowledge, Women, Eradication.
Nigerian Medical Practitioner Vol. 54 (2) 2008: pp. 39-44