Analysis of reproductive cases handled at the state veterinary clinic Maiduguru, Nigeria (1993-2005)
A retrospective study of reproductive cases handled at the State Veterinary Clinic Maiduguri over a thirteen-year period was conducted. The frequency distributions of the cases were presented according to specie, sex, type of reproductive case, and season. Out of the 24,062 cases handled at the clinic, 980 (4.07%) were reproductive cases. Of these, 588 (60.0%), 292 (29.8%), 52 (5.31%), 41 (4.18),) cases affected sheep, goats, cattle, and dogs, respectively. The distribution of the cases based on disease conditions were, dystocia 234 (23.9%) pregnancy toxaemia 150 (15.3%), mastitis 106 (10.8%) and orchitis 39 (3.9%). 104 (10.6%) of the cases were males and 876 (89.3%) were females. 516 (52.6%) of the cases occurred during the dry season while 464 (47.3%) occurred during the rainy season. From the analysis of the reproductive cases recorded during the period under review, the prevalence of reproductive diseases was commonest in small ruminants and females were mostly affected. The cases occurred most frequently, during the dry season.
Keywords: Reproduction, analysis, cases, retrospective.
Nigerian Veterinary Journal Vol. 27 (2) 2006: pp. 54-59