Economic Analysis of Broiler Production on On-farm Formulated and Commercial Feeds: A Case Study of Igabi Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria

  • AA Hassan
  • JA Nwanta
  • EO Njoga
  • MG Maiangwa
  • A Mohammed

Abstract

Broiler birds are those kept and reared for meat production from day-old to about eight weeks of age for good quality tender meat as source of protein in human diet. However, the profit levels in poultry enterprises have been constrained by a number of factors critical among which is feed quality and cost. Feed is the major component of input cost  accounting for up to 70% (The poultry site, 2007) and 86-87% (Hassan et al., 2006) of the total variable cost of production. The high feed cost has largely been attributed to competition between man and animals for limited grains. The situation has been further exacerbated by high cost of operation of feed mills. Input costs and profitability of broiler production require a critical review of feed cost as a primary component. In recent years, farmers have increasingly been  formulating feeds for poultry using locally available feed stuffs. Records on the performance of farms using locally  formulated feeds in the study area are scanty. This study was carried out to compare profitability of broiler production using on-farm prepared and commercial feeds.

Keywords: broiler production, high feed cost, on- farm formulation, commercial feed.

Nigerian Veterinary Journal 32(2) 2011

Author Biographies

AA Hassan
Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Faculty of Agriculture/Institute for Agricultural Research, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria
JA Nwanta
Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka-Nigeria
EO Njoga
Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka-Nigeria
MG Maiangwa
Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Faculty of Agriculture/Institute for Agricultural Research, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria
A Mohammed
Division of Agricultural Colleges, College of Agriculture and Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria
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Articles

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eISSN: 0331-3026