Clinical Tetanus in Pigs in a Pig Farming Complex, Lagos, Nigeria
Tetanus is a state of muscular contractions caused by infection of wounds with the bacterium, Clostridium tetani. This bacterium produces toxins that affect the nervous system of both humans and animals. Although tetanus is rare in swine, in this report, we examine two clinical cases of tetanus in a pig farming complex in Lagos, Nigeria. The diagnosis of tetanus in pigs was based on the combination of observed clinical signs, history of castration under non-sterile conditions and presence of animal dung in the environment. To prevent future occurrences of tetanus in pigs, we recommend that there should be improved biosecurity measures on pig farms and farmers should employ the services of veterinarians for health-related issues affecting their pigs, especially in handling cases that require surgical intervention.
Keywords: Tetanus, pigs, castration, Nigeria