The correlation between erythrocyte sedimentation rate and leucocyte counts in Nigerians

  • Ed O Nwobodo Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Nnewi
  • Grace Amilo Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Nnewi
  • Chindo O Marchie Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Nnewi
  • Stephen Maduka Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Nnewi
  • Patrick I Ndukuba College of Medicine, Abia State University Uturu
  • Ugochukwu B Anyaehie College of Medicine, Abia State University Uturu
Keywords: ethnic leucopaenia, ESR, Nigerians, correlation

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the relative importance of infections as indexed by raised erythrocyte sedimentation rate in the aetiology of benign or so called ethnic leucopaenia in persons of African origin.

Method: Raised ESR is indicative of the process of organic disease. We sought the correlation of ESR with the total and differential leucocyte counts in a series of sick and healthy subjects (n=238).

Results: The ESR values of sick patients were higher alongside a lower mean leukocyte count for this group. In both groups the leukocyte counts correlated negatively with ESR values (P<0.05) (r=0.16).
healthy subjects (n=238).

Conclusion: The presence of organic infections can lead to overall reduction in the number of leucocyte. The presence of some endemic or organic diseases conditions may the underlying aetiological factor in the so called ethnic leucopaenia of persons of African origin.

Keywords: Ethnic leucopaenia, ESR, Nigerians, correlation

Orient Journal of Medicine Vo. 17 (1&2) 2005:34-37
Published
2005-10-24
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1115-0521