Orient Journal of Medicine

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Diet, Alcohol Consumption and Serum Lipid Levels of Elderly Men and Women of Ibo Extraction in the Delta State of Nigeria

UC Okonkwo, OC Oguejiofor, CU Odenigbo, UM Odenigbo, NI Oguanobi


Background: Serum lipid levels are directly associated with the development and progression of coronary heart disease especially in the elderly, and lifestyle factors can modify this association.
Objective: This study aims to determine the effect of diet and alcohol consumption on lipid profile of elderly subjects in Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria.
Methodology: Elderly subjects attending quarterly medical lectures organized by a non-governmental organization at the Federal Medical Centre, Asaba were recruited. Information on diet, alcohol consumption and hypertension were obtained and serum lipids were determined using standard cholesterol / low density lipoprotein and cholesterol precipitating reagents.
Results: They were 110 males and 66 females. The prevalence of hypercholesterolemia was 47%. Elevated total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol were associated with consumption of high fatty diet and absence/high alcohol consumption, although, this was not statistically significant (p= 0.3).
Conclusion: Dyslipidaemia is prevalent in our elderly population and low dietary fat and moderate alcohol consumption are associated with better lipid parameters.

Keywords: Dyslipidaemia, elderly population, lifestyle factors

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