Research and conservation of the larger parrots of Africa and Madagascar: a review of knowledge gaps and opportunities

  • Rowan O Martin
  • Michael R Perrin
  • Rutledge S Boyes
  • Yilma D Abebe
  • Nathaniel D Annorbah
  • Augustus Asamoah
  • Dieudonné Bizimana
  • Kadiri S Bobo
  • Nancy Bunbury
  • Joost Brouwer
  • Moussa S Diop
  • Mihret Ewnetu
  • Roger C Fotso
  • Jerry Garteh
  • Philip Hall
  • Lars H Holbech
  • Ireene R Madindou
  • Fiona Maisels
  • Jérôme Mokoko
  • Ronald Mulwa
  • Anna Reuleaux
  • Craig Symes
  • Simon Tamungang
  • Stuart Taylor
  • Simon Valle
  • Matthias Waltert
  • Mengistu Wondafrash

Abstract

Parrot populations in Africa and Madagascar are declining and the need for conservation actions to address threats is increasingly recognised. Effective conservation requires a robust knowledge base on which decisions over appropriate actions can be made, yet at present there is no current and readily accessible synthesis of the status of populations, the threats they face and knowledge gaps. Here we begin to address this shortfall for the larger species in the region belonging to the genera Coracopsis, Poicephalus, Psittacus and Psittacula. We review developments since the production of the IUCN Parrot Action Plan published in 2000, identify areas where critical knowledge is lacking and highlight opportunities to address them. While advances have been made over the last decade, progress has not been evenly spread, with a strong bias towards populations in southern Africa. To date much research has focused on describing aspects of ecology and behaviour and there remains a need for studies determining the current status of populations and the factors limiting distributions and abundance. This review aims to provide a basis upon which progress towards an improved understanding of the conservation needs of the larger parrots of Africa and Madagascar can be made.

Keywords: conservation priorities, conservation status, Coracopsis, Poicephalus, Psittacula, Psittacus

OSTRICH 2014, 85(3): 205–233

Author Biographies

Rowan O Martin
Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Michael R Perrin
Research Centre for African Parrot Conservation, School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
Rutledge S Boyes
Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Yilma D Abebe
Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Nathaniel D Annorbah
Division of Biology and Conservation Ecology, School of Science and the Environment, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK
Augustus Asamoah
Environmental Sustainability Project, United Nations Development Programme, Adabraka, Accra
Dieudonné Bizimana
Association Burundaise pour la protection des Oiseaux, Bujumbura, Burundi
Kadiri S Bobo
Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Nancy Bunbury
Seychelles Islands Foundation, Victoria, Mahé, Seychelles
Joost Brouwer
Niger Bird Database, Bennekom, The Netherlands
Moussa S Diop
AfriWet Consultants, Thiaroye, Dakar, Senegal
Mihret Ewnetu
Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Roger C Fotso
Wildlife Conservation Society, Cameroon Programme, Messa, Yaounde, Cameroon
Jerry Garteh
Society for the Conservation of Nature of Liberia, Monrovia, Liberia
Philip Hall
AP Leventis Ornithological Research Institute, Amurum, Jos Plateau State, Nigeria
Lars H Holbech
Department of Animal Biology and Conservation Science, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana
Ireene R Madindou
Ornithology Section, Zoology Department, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
Fiona Maisels
Global Conservation Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, USA; and School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland, UK
Jérôme Mokoko
Wildlife Conservation Society, Congo Programme, Brazzaville, Republic of Congo
Ronald Mulwa
Ornithology Section, Zoology Department, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
Anna Reuleaux
Seychelles Islands Foundation, Victoria, Mahé, Seychelles
Craig Symes
School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Simon Tamungang
Wildlife Ecology and Management Group, Department of Biology, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Stuart Taylor
School of Science, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand
Simon Valle
Division of Biology and Conservation Ecology, School of Science and the Environment, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK
Matthias Waltert
Conservation Biology/Workgroup on Endangered Species, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Mengistu Wondafrash
Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Published
2015-03-30
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1727-947X
print ISSN: 0030-6525