Medical infrared imaging and orthostatic analysis to determine lameness in the pelvic limbs of dogs

  • Erika Fernanda V. Garcia
  • Catherine A. Loughin
  • Dominic J. Marino
  • Joseph Sackman
  • Scott E. Umbaugh
  • Jiyuan Fu
  • Samrut Subedi
  • Martin L. Lesser
  • Meredith Akerman
  • João Eduardo W. Schossler
Keywords: Cruciate, Infrared imaging, Lameness, Orthostatic analysis

Abstract

Subtle lameness makes it difficult to ascertain which is the affected limb. A study was conducted to investigate a change in the thermal pattern and temperature of the thermal image of the paw print in a lame pelvic limb compared to a non-lame pelvic limb of dogs confirmed by orthostatic analysis. Fourteen client owned dogs with a unilateral pelvic limb lameness and 14 healthy employee dogs were examined and the pelvic limbs radiographed. Thermal images of the paw print were taken after each dog was kept in a static position on a foam mat for 30 seconds. Average temperatures and thermographic patterns were analyzed. Analysis was performed in a static position. The asymmetry index for each stance variable and optimal cutoff point for the peak vertical force and thermal image temperatures were calculated. Image pattern analysis revealed 88% success in differentiating the lame group, and 100% in identifying the same thermal pattern in the healthy group. The mean of the peak vertical force revealed a 10.0% difference between the left and right pelvic limb in healthy dogs and a 72.4% between the lame and non-lame limb in the lame dog group. Asymmetry index analysis revealed 5% in the healthy group and 36.2% in the lame group. The optimal cutoff point for the peak vertical force to determine lameness was 41.77% (AUC = 0.93) and for MII 0.943% (AUC = 0.72). The results of this study highlight the change in the thermal pattern of the paw print in the lame pelvic limb compared to a non-lame pelvic limb in the lame group and the healthy group. Medical infrared imaging of the paw prints can be utilized to screen for the lame limb in dogs.

Keywords: Cruciate, Infrared imaging, Lameness, Orthostatic analysis

Published
2017-01-09
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2218-6050
print ISSN: 2226-4485