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Metformin reduces insulin resistance and the tendency toward hyperglycaemia and dyslipidaemia in dogs with hyperadrenocorticism

Diego Daniel Miceli, Patricia Noemi Vidal, María Fernanda Cabrera Batter, Omar Pignataro, Victor Alejandro Castillo

Abstract


Hypercortisolism induces a state of insulin resistance that can occur  concurrently with fasting hyperglycaemia, dyslipidaemia and diabetes mellitus. Metformin reduces hepatic glucose production and insulin  resistance of the skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of metformin on the control of metabolic disorders of dogs with hyperadrenocorticism (HAC). Twenty-three dogs with HAC were randomly divided into two groups, consisting of a control group and a metformin group (10 mg metformin/kg/12 h). Both groups received the same treatment for HAC. At baseline and 3 months, blood glucose,  total cholesterol, triglycerides and insulin concentrations, in addition to  urinary cortisol:creatinine ratio, Homeostatic Model Assessment (HOMA) for insulin sensitivity and β-cell function were measured. Dogs treated with  metformin showed significantly reduced glycaemia, cholesterolaemia and triglyceridaemia. They also presented reduced hyperinsulinism and insulin resistance, as well as improved pancreatic β-cell function. The  implementation of metformin as an adjuvant therapy is effective for the normalisation of metabolic disorders of dogs with HAC.


Keywords: Dyslipidaemia, Hyperadrenocorticism, Insulin resistance, Metformin.




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ovj.v8i2.13
AJOL African Journals Online