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Dual natural infection with bovine viral diarrhea virus -1 and -2 in a stillborn calf: tissue distribution and molecular characterization

Maximiliano J. Spetter, Enrique L. Louge Uriarte, Erika A. González Altamiranda, María R. Leunda, Susana B. Pereyra, Andrea E. Verna, Anselmo C. Odeón

Abstract


Dual infections with both bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV)-1 and -2 seem to be unusual. The aim of this study was to describe an infection with both BVDV genotypes in a stillborn calf. Virus isolation and phylogenetic analyses of the 5´UTR and NS5B regions confirmed the presence of BVDV-1b and -2b in spleen and lung, whereas BVDV-2b was also detected in brain, heart, liver, kidney and, fluid of cavities. These results confirm that dual infections with both BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 species can occur naturally and their tissue distribution can be different.

Keywords: Bovine viral diarrhea virus, Co-infection, Phylogenetic analysis




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ovj.v8i4.23
AJOL African Journals Online