Thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke by tenecteplase in the emergency department of a Moroccan hospital
Methods: we conducted an open prospective study of all patients who were treated with Tenecteplase for anacute ischemic stroke admitted to our emergency department. Tenecteplase was administered intravenously at a dose of 0.4 mg/kg single bolus. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of patients achieving significant early neurological recovery defined as an improvement of 4 or more points on the NIHSS score at 24h.
Results: 13 patients had been treated by intravenous thrombolysis. 31% were women. Mean age was 63 years old. The mean NIHSS score at admission was 14.3 and 24h after was at 9.1. The right middle cerebral arterywas involved in 69% of cases. The carotid atherosclerosis was predominant 63.3% and the cardio embolic etiology 27%. The mean time to the first medical contact after the onset of symptoms was 3h 30 min. One patient presented a capsulo-lenticular hematoma of 5 mm3 in the same side of the ischemic stroke.
Conclusion: tenecteplase is a more interesting thrombolytic than alteplase, it seems to be more suitable for thrombolysis in our center.