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Pan African Medical Journal

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Thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke by tenecteplase in the emergency department of a Moroccan hospital

A Belkouch, S Jidane, N Chouaib, A Elbouti, T Nebhani, R Sirbou, H Bakkali, L Belyamani

Abstract


Introduction: thrombolysis has radically changed the prognosis of acute ischemic stroke. Tenecteplase is a modified form of rt-PA with greater specificity for fibrin and a longer half-life. We report the experience of a Moroccan tertiary hospital in thrombolysis using Tenecteplase.

 

Methods: we conducted an open prospective study of all patients who were treated with Tenecteplase for anacute ischemic stroke admitted to our emergency department. Tenecteplase was administered intravenously at a dose of 0.4 mg/kg single bolus. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of patients achieving significant early neurological recovery defined as an improvement of 4 or more points on the NIHSS score at 24h.

 

Results: 13 patients had been treated by intravenous thrombolysis. 31% were women. Mean age was 63 years old. The mean NIHSS score at admission was 14.3 and 24h after was at 9.1. The right middle cerebral arterywas involved in 69% of cases. The carotid atherosclerosis was predominant 63.3% and the cardio embolic etiology 27%. The mean time to the first medical contact after the onset of symptoms was 3h 30 min. One patient presented a capsulo-lenticular hematoma of 5 mm3 in the same side of the ischemic stroke.

 

Conclusion: tenecteplase is a more interesting thrombolytic than alteplase, it seems to be more suitable for thrombolysis in our center.




http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2015.21.37.6491
AJOL African Journals Online