Pan African Medical Journal

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Assessment of asthma control using asthma control test in chest clinics in Cameroon: a cross-sectional study

Mbatchou Ngahane Bertrand Hugo, Pefura-Yone Eric Walter, Pefura-Yone Eric Walter, Mama Maïmouna, Mama Maïmouna, Nganda Motto Malea, Nganda Motto Malea, Olinga Ubald, Olinga Ubald, Wandji Adeline, Wandji Adeline, Tengang Bruno, Tengang Bruno, Nyankiyé Emmanuel, Nyankiyé Emmanuel, Afane Ze Emmanuel, Afane Ze Emmanuel, Kuaban Christopher, Kuaban Christopher


Introduction: The goal of asthma treatment is to obtain and maintain a good control of symptoms. Investigating factors associated with inadequately control asthma could help in strategies to improve asthma control. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated with inadequately controlled asthma in asthma patients under chest specialist care. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2012 to May 2013. Physician-diagnosed asthma patients aged 12 years and above were included. A questionnaire was used to collect demographic data, comorbidities, and medical history of asthma. Asthma control was assessed using the Asthma Control Test (ACT), with a score less than 20 for inadequately controlled asthma and a score greater or equal to 20 for controlled asthma. A multivariate analysis was used to identify factors associated with inadequately controlled asthma. Results: Overall, 243 patients were included in this study. Asthma was controlled in 141 patients (58%) and inadequately controlled in 102 (42%). The mean duration of asthma was 8 years with an interquartile range of 4 and 18 years. Forty-three participants (17.7%) were not under any controller medication while the mean ACT score was 19.3 ± 4.6. Independent associations were found between inadequately controlled asthma and female gender (OR 1.91; 95% CI 1.06-3.47) and obesity (OR 1.81; 1.01-3.27). Conclusion: Asthma remains poorly controlled in a large proportion of asthma patients under specialist care in Cameroon. Educational programs for asthma patients targeting women and based on weight loss for obese patients may help in improving the control of asthma.

Pan African Medical Journal 2016; 23
AJOL African Journals Online