Obstructive sleep apnea presenting as pseudopheochromocytoma

  • Hela Marmouch
  • Sondes Arfa
  • Sameh Graja
  • Tensim Slim
  • Ines Khochtali

Abstract

A 52-year-old female with a history of poorly controlled resistant hypertension was admitted to our hospital with severe hypertension. She had a history of fatigue and intermittent episodes of palpitations. Laboratory evaluation was significant for elevated 24-h urinary catecholamine levels (3,5 times the upper normal levels). This case was presenting with a clinical and biochemical picture indistinguishable from that of pheochromocytoma. However, neither computed tomography nor meta-iodo-benzyl-guanidine scintigraphy detected any catecholamine-producing tumor in or outside the adrenal glands. Our patient was screened with full polysomnography because of heavy snoring, daytime somnolence and obesity. It revealed severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. After three months of continuous positive airway pressure therapy, the patient experienced resolution of his presenting symptoms, improved blood pressure control and normalization of his urinary catecholamine levels. This case highlights sleep disordered breathing as a potentially reversible cause of pseudo-pheochromocytoma.

Pan African Medical Journal 2016; 23

Author Biographies

Hela Marmouch
Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medecine, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, Monastir, Tunisia
Sondes Arfa
Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medecine, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, Monastir, Tunisia
Sameh Graja
Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medecine, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, Monastir, Tunisia
Tensim Slim
Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medecine, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, Monastir, Tunisia
Ines Khochtali
Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medecine, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, Monastir, Tunisia
Published
2016-07-02
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1937-8688