Postpartum depression among mothers as seen in hospitals in Enugu, South-East Nigeria: an undocumented issue

  • Josephat Maduabuchi Chinawa
  • Odutola Isreal Odetunde
  • Ikenna Kingsley Ndu
  • Euzebus Chinonye Ezugwu
  • Elias Chikee Aniwada
  • Awoere Tamunosiki Chinawa
  • Ugochukwu Ezenyirioha

Abstract

Introduction: Postpartum depression is an uncommon and frequently undocumented issue that impacts negatively on maternal and child health. Methods: The study was carried out among mothers who attended postpartum clinics from two teaching hospitals and three private hospitals all in Enugu metropolis. The instrument employed for data collection was a structured self-administered questionnaire developed from the Edinburgh Postnatal depression Scale. The families were assigned socio-economic classes (SEC) using the recommended method (modified) by Oyedeji. The objectives of this study was therefore aimed to highlight the pattern and prevalence of post-natal depression among mothers in Enugu, south east Nigeria. Results: A total of 214 mothers attending postpartum clinics were recruited in this study. The prevalence of postpartum depression from this study is 22.9%. There are no significant association between socio-demographics of mother and depression, age (p= 0.556), educational level (p= 0.667), occupation (p=0.494), parity (p= 0.823) and mode of delivery (p= 0.760). Conclusion: This study has shown that the prevalence of postpartum depression in Enugu, south east Nigeria is 22.9% which is comparable to that obtained in African continents. We noted no significant associations between socio-demographics of mother, age, educational level, occupation, parity and mode of delivery and depression.

Pan African Medical Journal 2016; 23

Author Biographies

Josephat Maduabuchi Chinawa
College of Medicine, Department of pediatrics, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital UNTH), Ituku- Ozalla, Enugu State, Nigeria
Odutola Isreal Odetunde
College of Medicine, Department of pediatrics, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital UNTH), Ituku- Ozalla, Enugu State, Nigeria
Ikenna Kingsley Ndu
College of Medicine, Department of pediatrics, Enugu state university of science and technology,Enugu
Euzebus Chinonye Ezugwu
College of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital UNTH), Ituku- Ozalla, Enugu State, Nigeria
Elias Chikee Aniwada
College of Medicine, Department of Community medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital UNTH), Ituku- Ozalla, Enugu State, Nigeria
Awoere Tamunosiki Chinawa
College of Medicine, Department of Community medicine, Enugu state university of science and technology,Enugu
Ugochukwu Ezenyirioha
College of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Enugu state university of science and technology,Enugu
Published
2016-07-13
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1937-8688