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Pan African Medical Journal

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Intravenous thrombolysis with rt-PA in stroke: experience of the moroccan stroke unit

Naima Chtaou, Lamyae Rachdi, Aouatef El Midaoui, Zouhair Souirti, Nils Wahlgren, Mohammed Faouzi Belahsen

Abstract


The majority of strokes are due to blockage of an artery in the brain by a blood clot. Prompt treatment with thrombolytic drugs can restore blood flow before major brain damage has occurred. We report the case series of all patients who were treated with rt-PA at Stroke Unit of HASSAN II University hospital between 2010 and 2013. There were 52 patients treated with intravenous rtPA during the study period. The mean age was 63 years with the no gender predominance (sex ratio 1.02). Hypertension was the most common vascular risk factor (31%) and 17% of patients suffered from atrial fibrillation. 17 of 52 patients (32.7%) were treated within a 3 hours window of stroke onset and 35 of 52 (67.3%) patients were treated within 3-4.5 h. Twenty five patients (48%) had significant early improvements within 24 hours and twenty one (40.3%) patients had good outcomes at 3 months and fifteen patients (29%) died within the same period.

The Pan African Medical Journal 2016;24



http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2016.24.207.8815
AJOL African Journals Online