Factors influencing health care workers’ implementation of tuberculosis contact tracing in Kweneng, Botswana

  • Lebapotswe Tlale
  • Rosemary Frasso
  • Onalenna Kgosiesele
  • Mpho Selemogo
  • Quirk Mothei
  • Dereje Habte
  • Andrew Steenhoff

Abstract

Introduction: TB contact tracing rates remain low in high burden settings and reasons for this are not well known. We describe factors that influence health care workers' (HCW) implementation of TB contact tracing (CT) in a high TB burden district of Botswana. Methods: data were collected using questionnaires and in-depth interviews in 31 of the 52 health facilities in Kweneng East Health District. Responses were summarized using summary statistics and comparisons between HCW groups were done using parametric or non-parametric tests as per normality of the data distribution. Results: one hundred and four HCWs completed questionnaires. Factors that influenced HCW TB contact tracing were their knowledge, attitudes and practices as well as personal factors including decreased motivation and lack of commitment. Patient factors included living further away from the clinic, unknown residential address and high rates of migration and mobility. Administrative factors included staff shortages, lack of transport, poor reporting of TB cases and poor medical infrastructure e.g. suboptimal laboratory services. A national HCW strike and a restructuring of the health system emerged as additional factors during in-depth interviews of TB coordinators. Conclusion: multiple factors lead to poor TB contact tracing in this district. Interventions to increase TB contact tracing will be informed by these findings.

The Pan African Medical Journal 2016;24

Author Biographies

Lebapotswe Tlale
University of Botswana School of Medicine, Gaborone, Botswana
Rosemary Frasso
Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia, USA; Masters of Public Health Program, School of Medicine and School of Social Policy & Practice, Philadelphia, USA
Onalenna Kgosiesele
Kweneng East District Health Management Team TB Unit, Molepolole, Botswana
Mpho Selemogo
University of Botswana School of Medicine, Gaborone, Botswana
Quirk Mothei
Botswana Accountancy College, Gaborone, Botswana
Dereje Habte
University of Botswana School of Medicine, Gaborone, Botswana
Andrew Steenhoff
University of Botswana School of Medicine, Gaborone, Botswana; Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia, USA; Botswana-UPenn Partnership, Gaborone, Botswana; Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Published
2016-09-20
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1937-8688