Trends and patterns of sexual assaults in Lagos south-western Nigeria

  • Oliver Chukwujekwu Ezechi
  • Zaidat Adesola Musa
  • Agatha Nkiruka David
  • Agatha Eileen Wapmuk
  • Titilola Abike Gbajabiamila
  • Ifeoma Eugenia Idigbe
  • Paschal Mbanefo Ezeobi
  • Aigbe Greg Ohihoin
  • Innocent Achanya Otobo Ujah

Abstract

Introduction: sexual assault is a severely traumatic experience that disproportionally affects women and girls. However there is limited information on the subject in our environment. This study was conducted to determine the trend and pattern of sexual assault among Nigerians. Methods: a retrospective study of sexual assault victims managed at a large clinic in South West Nigeria. Victims were identified from the programme data base and case files retrieved from medical records department. Relevant information was extracted and managed with SPSS for windows version 19. Results: a steady increase in the proportion of reported cases of sexual violence over the years (P<0.0001) was observed. Sexual assaults were recorded among the males (6.1%), although female victims were in the majority (93.9%). Sexual assault was found to be higher in person’s <20 years and the unmarried. Most sexual assault occurred during the day time. Assailants were mostly persons known to the victim (52.0%) and the assault occurred mostly in the assailants’ house or office (48.5%). Sexual assault through vaginal route only (87.2%) was the most common route of sexual assault. Threat of violence (31.1%) and physical force (29.6%) was the common methods for overcoming the victims. Follow up was completed by 75.0% of the victims. Conclusion: sexual assault is comenon in our environment, with increasing prevalence and change in pattern. Young persons aged less than than 20 years constitutes the majority of victims and assailants were mostly persons known to them. The current public education on the evils of sexual violence should be intensified.

The Pan African Medical Journal 2016;24

Author Biographies

Oliver Chukwujekwu Ezechi

Clinical Sciences Division, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research Yaba Lagos, Nigeria

Zaidat Adesola Musa

Clinical Sciences Division, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research Yaba Lagos, Nigeria

Agatha Nkiruka David

Clinical Sciences Division, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research Yaba Lagos, Nigeria

Agatha Eileen Wapmuk

Clinical Sciences Division, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research Yaba Lagos, Nigeria

Titilola Abike Gbajabiamila

Clinical Sciences Division, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research Yaba Lagos, Nigeria

Ifeoma Eugenia Idigbe

Clinical Sciences Division, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research Yaba Lagos, Nigeria

Paschal Mbanefo Ezeobi

Clinical Sciences Division, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research Yaba Lagos, Nigeria

Aigbe Greg Ohihoin

Clinical Sciences Division, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research Yaba Lagos, Nigeria

Innocent Achanya Otobo Ujah

Clinical Sciences Division, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research Yaba Lagos, Nigeria

Published
2016-09-26
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1937-8688