Pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade caused by a central venous catheter in a very low birth weight infant

  • Fatma-Zohra Chioukh 1Department of Intensive Care and Neonatal Medicine, Teaching Hospital of Monastir, Tunisia
  • Karim Ben Ameur 1Department of Intensive Care and Neonatal Medicine, Teaching Hospital of Monastir, Tunisia
  • Hayet Ben Hmida 1Department of Intensive Care and Neonatal Medicine, Teaching Hospital of Monastir, Tunisia
  • Kamel Monastiri 1Department of Intensive Care and Neonatal Medicine, Teaching Hospital of Monastir, Tunisia

Abstract

With more and more extreme premature and very low-birth weight babies being resuscitated, umbilical central venous catheterisation is now being
used more frequently in neonatal intensive care. One of the life-threatening complications is pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade; however,
it is potentially reversible when it is caught in time. The authors present a case of cardiac tamponade following umbilical venous catheterisation in
a neonate. The patient was diagnosed at the appropriate time by echocardiography and urgent pericardiocentesis proved lifesaving.

Published
2016-09-20
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1937-8688