Catamenial pneumothorax revealing diaphragmatic endometriosis: a case report and revue of literature

  • Sana Aissa
  • Wafa Benzarti
  • Faouzi Alimi
  • Imen Gargouri
  • Halima Ben Salem
  • Amène Aissa
  • Khadija Fathallah
  • Atef Ben Abdelkade
  • Rafika Alouini
  • Abdelhamid Garrouche
  • Abdelaziz Hayoun
  • Ahmed Abdelghani
  • Mohamed Benzarti
Keywords: Catamenial pneumothorax, endometriosis, surgical treatment


Catamenial pneumothorax (CP) is a rare entity of spontaneous, recurring pneumothorax in women. We aim to discuss the etiology, clinical course, and surgical treatment of a 42-year-old woman with CP. This patient had a right-sided spontaneous pneumothoraces occurred one week after menses. She had under-gone video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) because of a persistent air leak under chest tube. VATS revealed multiple diaphragmatic fenestrations with an upper right nodule. Defects were removed and a large part of the diaphragm was resected. Pleural abrasion was then performed over the diaphragm. Diaphragmatic endometriosis was confirmed by microscopic examination. Medical treatment with GnRH agonists was prescribed, and after recovery, the patient has been symptoms free for 20 months.

Keywords: Catamenial pneumothorax, endometriosis, surgical treatment


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1937-8688