Assessment of utilization of long acting reversible contraceptive and associated factors among women of reproductive age in Harar City, Ethiopia
Introduction: World health organization report indicated that, in 2013 alone, over 289,000 maternal death that resulted from pregnancy and delivery related complication were reported worldwide indicating a decline of 45% from 1990. The sub-Saharan Africa region alone accounted for 62% of maternal death followed by southern Asian country (24%). Provision of family planning is one of the effective intervention that prevent unwanted and ill spaced pregnancy there by reducing maternal mortality and morbidity. Given that its effectiveness and, associated fewer visits to health facilities, LARC are very important in tackling maternal mortality and morbidity. However, little is known regarding its prevalence in eastern Ethiopia. Thus, this study aimed to assess utilization of long acting reversible contraceptives and associated factors among women of reproductive age groups.
Methods: A facility based cross-sectional study conducted in Harar city among 402 study participants. The study participants selected by using systematic random sampling method. The quantitative data collected using structured interviewer administered questionnaires. All variables with p-value of ≤ 0.25 in bivariate logistic regression were taken into multivariable model. Variables having p value ≤ 0.05 in the multivariate analysis were taken as significant predictors. Crude and adjusted odds ratios with their 95% confidence intervals were calculated.
Results: The study identified that the utilization of long acting reversible contraceptive among mother of reproductive age was 38%. Study participants whose occupation was daily laborer were less likely to utilize long acting reversible contraceptive compared to those whose occupation was house wife (adjusted OR = 0.3; 95% CI 0.01 to 0.8). Moreover, those mothers who were unable to read and write utilize long acting reversible contraceptive 5 times more likely compared to those who were above grade 12 (adjusted OR = 4.9; 95% CI 1.2 to 19.6).
Conclusion: The prevalence of long acting reversible contraceptive was found to be low. Maternal education and occupation were factors found to have a significant association with utilization of long acting reversible contraceptive. Community and facility level awareness creation should be reinforced to improve utilization of long acting reversible contraceptives.
Keywords: Utilization, long acting reversible contraception, associated factors