Detection and analysis of drug–drug interactions among hospitalized cardiac patients in the Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital in Morocco
Introduction: Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) are defined as two or more drugs interacting in such a manner that the effectiveness or toxicity of one or more drugs is altered. Patients with cardiovascular disorders are at higher risk for DDIs because of the types and number of drugs they receive. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of DDIs in patients admitted to the cardiology department of a hospital in Morocco. Methods: A prospective observational study from June 2016 to September 2016 was carried out in the cardiology department of a hospital in Morocco. Those patients who were taking at least two drugs and had a hospital stay of at least 48 hours were included in the study. The medications of the patients were analysed for possible interactions. All the prescriptions of the study population were screened for drug-drug interactions using a computerized DDI database system (Theriaque®). Results: During the study period, 138 patients were included; 360 interactions were detected among 94 patients, with an average number of drugs taken of 5.2. The prevalence of DDIs was estimated at 68.11%, the most common of which concerned Kardegic/Plavix (12.22%), Kardegic/Heparin (8.33%), and Lasilix/Spironolactone (5.83%). Among the 726 prescribed drugs, (372 [51.24%]) were drugs of the cardiovascular system, followed by blood and hematopoietic organ drugs (288 [39.67%]) according to the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification codes. These interactions were categorized on the basis of level of severity: interactions with major severity accounted for 11.11% (40) of the total DDIs while those with moderate and minor severity accounted for 37.22% (134) and 51.66% (186), respectively. Conclusion: This study reports the prevalence of DDIs in patients admitted to the cardiology department of a hospital in Morocco. This study shows that DDIs are frequent among hospitalized cardiac patients and highlights the need to screen prescriptions of cardiovascular patients for possible DDIs, as this helps in their detection and prevention.