Pan African Medical Journal

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Meningococcemia complicated by myocarditis in a 16-year-old young man: a case report

Rania Bouneb, Manel Mellouli, Haifa Regaieg, Senda Majdoub, Imed Chouchène, Mohamed Boussarsar


Fulminant meningococcemia is a relatively rare life-threatening disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis. The clinical presentation is varied, but, when associated with myocarditis, it carries a particularly poor prognosis. We report a case of a patient with fulminant meningococcemia who subsequently developed severe myocardial dysfunction and successfully recovered within a period of 7 days of hospitalization. A 15-year-old girl presented with headache, fever, body ache for 1 day and few ecchymotic rash over her body for 3 hours. Blood cultures confirmed infection with N. meningitidis. After 2 days in the hospital, the patient developed dyspnea, elevated jugular venous pressure and shock. The patient was managed with intravenous ceftriaxone, furosemide and norepinephrine. Over the next 4 days the patient rapidly improved. Meningococcemia complicated by myocarditis has an extremely poor prognosis with high mortality. Our case suggests that recovery from a severe myocardial dysfunction can occur rapidly within a few days. Prompt recognition and management in this case might have contributed to the patient's rapid recovery from myocarditis.

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