Prévalence et connaissances de l’hypertension artérielle chez les personnes âgées: étude transversale menée à Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

  • Somnoma Jean-Baptiste Tougouma
  • Hervé Hien
  • Adjongba Bruno Aweh
  • Aimé Arsène Yaméogo
  • Ziemlé Clément Méda
  • Yibar Kambiré
  • Georges Rosario Millogo
  • Georges Kinda
  • Samba Sidibé
  • Macaire Ouédraogo
Keywords: Hypertension, elderly, Bobo-Dioulasso

Abstract

This study aims to determine the prevalence of arterial hypertension (AH) in the elderly people as well as their knowledge of this disease. We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive study in the town of Bobo-Dioulasso from October to November 2015 at the intervention sites of the Association of Medical Assistance to elderly people "KAFOLI". Patients aged 60 years and more, with or without hypertension, who wished to participate in the study were included. Subjects were considered to be hypertensive when they had systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg or when they were under antihypertensive treatment. Socio-demographic and clinical data as well as the risk factors associated with the disease were collected. Knowledges on arterial hypertension were based on general knowledges about arterial hypertension as sources of information about it. A total of 88 subjects were included in this study. The study involved 56 women and 32 men (sex ratio 0.57). The average age of patients was 71 years (IQR:66-76). The prevalence of arterial hypertension was 61,36% and it was associated with knowledges about AH and with alcohol consumption; 68.18 % of patients had knowledge of AH. The majority of them were followed up in firstlevel health care nursing centres (64,81%). This study highlighted a high prevalence of hypertension in elderly people living in Bobo-Dioulasso. The majority of these persons were aware of this disease. In the majority of cases follow-up was ensured by nursing staff.

Keywords: Hypertension, elderly, Bobo-Dioulasso

Author Biographies

Somnoma Jean-Baptiste Tougouma
Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Santé (INSSA), Université Nazi Boni de Bobo Dioulasso (UNB), Burkina Faso
Hervé Hien
Centre Muraz, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Adjongba Bruno Aweh
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sourô Sanou, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Aimé Arsène Yaméogo
Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Santé (INSSA), Université Nazi Boni de Bobo Dioulasso (UNB), Burkina Faso
Ziemlé Clément Méda
Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Santé (INSSA), Université Nazi Boni de Bobo Dioulasso (UNB), Burkina Faso
Yibar Kambiré
Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Université de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Georges Rosario Millogo
Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Université de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Georges Kinda
Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Université de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Samba Sidibé
Hospitalier Universitaire du Point G, Bamako, Mali
Macaire Ouédraogo
Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Santé (INSSA), Université Nazi Boni de Bobo Dioulasso (UNB), Burkina Faso
Published
2019-02-18
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1937-8688