Cervical cancer in the Bamenda Regional Hospital, North West Region of Cameroon: a retrospective study

  • Ngwayu Claude Nkfusai Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon; Cameroon Baptist Convention Health Services (CBCHS), Yaoundé, Cameroon
  • Samuel Nambile Cumber Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa; Section for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, Institute of Medicine (EPSO), The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa, 4Section for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, Institute of Medicine (EPSO), The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Takang Williams School of Health Systems and Public Health Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria Private Bag X323, Gezina, Pretoria, 0001, Pretoria, South Africa
  • Judith K Anchang-Kimbi Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bamenda, Bamenda, Cameroon
  • Brenda Mbouamba Yankam Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon; Department of Zoology and Animal Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
  • Cho Sabastine Anye Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
  • Joyce Mahlako Tsoka-Gwegweni Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa; Department of Statistics, Faculty of Physical Science, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
  • Enow-Orock George Enow School of Nursing & Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal Durban, South Africa
  • Damian Nota Anong Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon; Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Bamenda, Bamenda, Cameroon
Keywords: Cervical cancer; retrospective study; Regional Hospital Bamenda

Abstract

Introduction: cervical cancer is ranked the 7th most common cancer in the world. Cancer of the cervix is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer after breast cancer and the third leading cause of cancer deaths among females in less developed countries. Incidence rates are highest in countries with low income. Nearly 90% of cervical cancer deaths occur in developing parts of the world. The study researchers therefore, carried out a retrospective study to determine the proportion of cervical cancer among other types of cancer in the cancer registry of the Bamenda Regional Hospital.

Methods: the objective of this study was to determine the proportion of cervical cancer among other types of cancers in the cancer registry of the Bamenda Regional Hospital, North West Region of Cameroon from past records. We reviewed all records from the registry of patients who attended the Bamenda Regional Hospital to screen and/or be operated upon for cervical cancer and other types of cancer. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of cases were captured using a data collection sheet: age, type of cancer, stage of cancer, type of surgery carried out and date of surgery. Data were entered and analysed in Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25 software.

Results: 59 cancer cases were received in the center between 2012 and 2017. Of these, 31 (52%) had cervical cancer. Most patients who screened positive for cancer of the cervix were of the 50-54 age groups. Most of these patients (47.5%), were received at late stages (stages 3 and 4).

Conclusion: over half (52%) of the patients receiving cancer care in this center have cervical cancer and generally turn up late for management.

Published
2019-02-26
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1937-8688