Prevalence of precancerous cervical lesions in women attending Mezam Polyclinic Bamenda, Cameroon

  • Ngwayu Claude Nkfusai Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
  • Tchakounte Minette Mubah Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bamenda, Bamenda, Cameroon
  • Brenda Mbouamba Yankam Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
  • Tabe Armstrong Tambe Department of Nursing, Institute of Health and Biomedical Science, Cameroon Christian University Bali, Bali, Cameroon
  • Samuel Nambile Cumber Department of Nursing, Institute of Health and Biomedical Science, Cameroon Christian University Bali, Bali, Cameroon; Section for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, Institute of Medicine (EPSO), The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Box 414, SE – 405 Gothenburg, Sweden
Keywords: Precancerous lesion; cervix; age; screening; Mezam polyclinic

Abstract

Introduction: precancerous cervical lesion is significantly a health problem globally. Thus, screening targeting women between the ages of 17-60 is being undertaken in developing countries, including Cameroon. Over 50% (7.8 per 100,000) women die of cervical cancer every year. This study was to determine the prevalence of precancerous cervical lesion, the age demography and access the risk factor.

Methods: a hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted from August 09th to October 17th 2017. A total of 60 women participated, and were screened for precancerous cervical lesion. Data were collected by using a questionnaire. Visual inspection with acetic acid and visual inspection with Lugol’s iodine was applied for the screening. SPSS version 16.0 was used for data entry and analysis. Logistic regression analysis was fitted and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals and p-values were computed to identify factors associated with precancerous cervical cancer lesion.

Results: out of 60 study participants, 2(3.33%) were found to be positive for precancerous cervical cancer lesion.

Conclusion: the prevalence of precancerous cervical lesion in women that consulted at the Mezam polyclinic is high.

Published
2019-04-10
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1937-8688