Angiotensin-converting enzyme insertion/deletion gene polymorphisms and the risk of glioma in an Algerian population
Introduction: just recently, it has been established that the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism is linked to the pathogenesis and to the evolution of human cancers. Therefore, the present study was concerned with the investigation of an eventual association between glioma and I/D polymorphism of the ACE gene.
Methods: the expression of ACE gene was detected by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis in 36 Algerian patients with glioma and 195 healthy controls.
Results: in glioma cases, allelic frequencies and genotypes distribution of the ACE I/D polymorphism were different from controls cases. ACE DD genotype were highly presented in glioma cases (63.9%) than controls (33.8%) and conferred 3.64-fold risk for predisposition in glioma cases (vs ID genotype, p<0.001). Recessive model (ACE II + ID genotypes vs DD) was associated with a 72% reduced risk of glioma (OR = 0.28, 95% CI: 0.13-0.60, p <0.001). Per copy D allele frequency was found higher in glioma cases (79.2%) than in controls (63.3 %), OR = 2.20, 95% CI: 1.20 - 4.03, p = 0.009.
Conclusion: the obtained data showed that the presence of the D allele might be a risk factor for the development of glioma. Further studies considering different ethnic groups with large samples are required to confirm this finding.