Introduction: The objective of the study was to report the extent of urological surgeries performed as day cases in a major tertiary hospital in Ibadan and document the outcome. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data of all urologic patients treated at the day- case theatre between January 2000 and December 2009. The parameters evaluated were: age, diagnosis, type of surgery/ procedure, anaesthesia administered and the rank of the surgeon. Day case endoscopic procedures as well as prostate biopsies were excluded from the study.
Results: In total, 1292 patients were managed, 290 (22.4%) were children aged between 5 days and 15 years while 1002 (77.6%) adults aged between 17 years and 91 years. The majority of the procedures were carried out by the senior registrars (1169 cases, 90.5%) and consultants were involved in 123 cases (9.5%). General anaesthesia was primarily used in children (158 children vs. 4 adults), while local anaesthesia was used only in adults. 131 (45.2%) children had no anaesthesia for circumcision. The most common procedures performed in adults were varicocelectomy (426 cases, 42.5
%), orchidectomy (332 cases, 33.1%), testicular biopsy (120 cases, 12.0%). While in children male circumcision (231cases, 79.7%) was the main procedure performed.
Conclusion: The day-case theatre is still suitable for day case urologic procedure in our setting. The common procedures are varicocelectomy, orchidectomy, and open testicular biopsy in the adults. While in children, male circumcision is commonly carried out.
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