Sociodemographic factors and delay in the diagnosis of cervical cancer in Morocco
AbstractBackground: In Morocco, cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women. The cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed at a late stage: 43.7% presented at stage II of diagnosis (FIGO) and 38.1% in advanced stage (stage III and IV). The main objective of this study is to investigate factors associated to late the diagnosis of cervical cancer in Morocco as measured by the stage at diagnosis and delays between first symptoms and diagnosis of cancer. Methods: Cross-sectional studies, conducted from June-2008 to June-2010 at two main oncological centers. Two-hundred cases were recruited. Stages I & II were identified as "early-stage". The dates of first-symptoms, first-consultation and first-diagnosis were used to define "Patient", "Medical" and "Total" delays. Results: Elevated risks for late stage was observed for women unmarried (OR=5.0; 95%CI: 1.43-16.66); living > 100 km from center of diagnosis (OR=4.51; 95%CI: 1.35-15.11); without a familial history of cancer (OR=14.28; 95%CI: 2.22-100) and whose was the first symptom not bleeding (OR=25; 95%CI: 1.62-300). Frequency of housewives was significantly higher for women with a "patient-delay. ≥1 month. Frequency of patients who had symptoms of .bleeding. was significantly higher for women with a "patient-delay" <1 month. Frequency of patients from urban area was significantly higher for women with a "Medical-delay" < 1 month. Elevated risks for a long "Total-delay" was observed for women aged < 50 years (OR=2.44; 95%CI: 1.24-4.76); illiterate (OR=3.85; 95%CI: 1.45-10.00) and from rural-area (OR=2.56; 95%CI: 1.25-5.26). Conclusion: Our results may represent an important tool in guiding the actions for an early diagnosis of cervical cancer.
Pan African Medical Journal 2012; 12:14