Pan African Medical Journal

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Gastrointestinal bleeding due to an erosion of the superior mesenteric artery: an exceptional fatal complication of pancreatic pseudocyst

Mahdi Bouassida, Mechaal Benali, Hédi Charrada, Mossaab Ghannouchi, Fathi Chebbi, Mohamed Mongi Mighri, Mohamed Msaddak Azzouz, Hassen Touinsi, Sadok Sassi


The erosion of a pancreatic pseudocyst into an adjacent artery is a rare and highly lethal complication of pancreatitis with reported death rates of 12% to 40%. The majority of patients had bleeding from the splenic artery, the gastroduodenal artery and the anterior pacreaticoduodenal artery. Exceptionally, some cases with bleeding from the superior mesenteric artery, or hepatic artery were reported. We report the case of a 50 year old patient having a cataclysmic upper gastrointestinal bleeding due to an erosion of the superior mesenteric artery by a pancreatic pseudocyst, and discuss contemporary methods in diagnosis and management of the condition.

Pan African Medical Journal 2012; 12:62

AJOL African Journals Online