Epidemiological profile of cutaneous leishmaniasis: Retrospective analysis of 7444 cases reported from 1999 to 2005 at Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

  • Sanata Bamba
  • Alphonse Gouba
  • Maxime Koiné Drabo
  • Désiré Nezien
  • Mamadou Bougoum
  • Tinga Robert Guiguemdé

Abstract

This retrospective study was aimed to describe the trend of the cases and to determine the annual incidence rate of cutaneous leishmaniasis from 1999 to 2005 in the city of Ouagadougou. To achieve these objectives, a retrospective study was conducted. Data collection was conducted from January 1999 to December 2005. In total, 7444 cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis were recorded with an annual average of 1063.30 ± 270. 8 cases. The sex ratio M/F was 0.9. The average age was 22.8 ± 13.5 years. Patients more than 15 year-old accounted for 72.5%. A decrease in the cases of the disease was noted during the months of March, April, May, June, and December. The peak was recorded during the months of September and October. Over 7 years, the average incidence rate was 0.1% ± 0.04 but does not reflect the importance of this pathology. Thus, a prospective study was recommended.

Pan African Medical Journal 2013: 108

Author Biographies

Sanata Bamba
Superior Institute of Health Sciences, Laboratory of Parasitology-Mycology, Polytechnic University of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Alphonse Gouba
Unity of Training and Research in of Health Sciences, University of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Maxime Koiné Drabo
Research Institute f of Health Sciences, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Désiré Nezien
National Laboratory of Public Health, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Mamadou Bougoum
Research Institute f of Health Sciences, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Tinga Robert Guiguemdé
Superior Institute of Health Sciences, Laboratory of Parasitology-Mycology, Polytechnic University of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Published
2013-05-05
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1937-8688