Explanation of the differences and interrelationships between human smuggling and trafficking in persons.

  • AN Ngban
  • AE Maliki


Over the years hundred of African men, women and children either willingly or are forcefully being subjected into situations of labour and sexual exploitation both on the continent or abroad. For many African countries, the problem has just recently been acknowledged. Internationally, trafficking in persons and its twin brother human smuggling have been identified as serious threat to humanity by United Nations, pressure groups and various governments. This article therefore, focuses on the meaning of trafficking in persons and human smuggling, their differences, the inter-relationships, the impact of both trafficking in persons and human smuggling on the continent of Africa, and strategies for combating human smuggling and trafficking in persons generally.

International Journal of Policy and Development Studies Vol. 3 2007: pp. 54-59

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eISSN: 0795-0632