PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH

Research Journal of Health Sciences: Editorial Policies

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Focus and Scope

The Research Journal of Health Sciences is dedicated to promoting high quality research work in the field of health and related biological sciences. It aligns with the mission of the Osun State University, which is “to create a unique institution, committed to the pursuit of academic innovation, skills-based training and a tradition of excellence in teaching, research and community service”. The Journal acts as a medium of improving the quality of health care and medical education particularly in the context of developing countries with limited resources.

The Research Journal of Health Sciences aim to make a substantial contribution towards providing high quality publications in health sciences and related biological sciences. It publishes manuscripts from basic and clinical sciences that have not been submitted for publication/or under consideration for publication elsewhere. The Journal ensures a rigorous review process.

 

Section Policies

Original Article

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Review Article

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed
 

Peer Review Process

1.  General Guidelines

a.   All communication by the Editorial Team shall be via designated emails: In all dealings relating to the processing of manuscripts, all editorial team members must use the email addresses designated solely for the Journal (Research Journal of Health Sciences).

b.   Copies of communication through the Journal editorial office in hard copies

must be kept in the Journal editorial office in designated files.

c.   All editorial activities must be completed within stipulated time periods.

 

2.  Initial Assessment (maximum of 7 days)

a. Editor       receives       all       submitted       manuscripts       through editor.rjhs@uniosun.edu.ng

b.   If submitted manuscript is NOT within the scope of the journal, author(s) are informed immediately.

c.   If submitted manuscript is within the scope of the Research Journal of Health

Sciences, the Editor requests the Desk Editor to:

i.   Assign a manuscript number

ii.  Assess for plagiarism

iii.   Assess manuscripts for compliance with author(s) guidelines

iv.   Suggest three  (3) reviewers in the relevant field  (Full names, designation, contact details)

d.  Desk Editor sends out all manuscripts (through deskeditor.rjhs@uniosun.edu.ng) to vetted (or approved) reviewers after receiving editorial endorsement from the Journal Editor through editor.rjhs@uniosun.edu.ng

 

3.  Stage B Completion of peer-review process. (Maximum of 3 - 6) weeks

a.  Desk Editor sends all reviewers comments in a zipped file, as well as the manuscript to the Editor, who in turn, will review the comments for fairness, scientific basis and reach a decision with the Desk Editor. Decisions must be very firm: either ACCEPT (with or without corrections) or REJECT (reason/s must always be provided to author(s), and must have a strong scientific basis).

b.   Editor immediately communicates editorial decision to author(s) in case of

Rejection.

c.   Desk Editor will proceed to send the manuscript to the Journal Statistician in

case of acceptance, with corrections (where applicable).

d. After    receiving    the    Journal    Statistician’s    report, the Desk Editor submits same to the Editor, who reviews the report and communicates appropriate corrections to be made, to the author(s).

e.   Author(s) will submit corrected manuscript to the Editor, who will in turn liaise directly with reviewers to ensure total (full) acceptance.

f.    Finally, Desk Editor will inform the author(s) of ACCEPTANCE OF THE PAPER AND THAT THE PAPER WILL APPEAR IN A SUITABLE EDITION OF THE JOURNAL.

 

4.  Stage C (Journal Preparatory phase). Maximum of 2 weeks.

All comments or corrections must be made through tracked changes review.
a.   Desk Editor shall:

i.   Request the corresponding author to pay the Journal publication fee

of ($150) or its equivalent.

ii.  Forward the corrected manuscript, SIMULTANEOUSLY, to the:

· Language Editor (languageeditor.RJHS@uniosun.edu.ng)

· Formatting Editor (formattingeditor.RJHS@uniosun.edu.ng)

· Reference Editor (referenceeditor.RJHS@uniosun.edu.ng)

· Desk Editor shall carry out further checks on plagiarism

b. Desk Editor shall then send the processed manuscript, with the tracked comments to the Editor, who reviews the submission, before the Desk Editor sends the manuscript to the corresponding author for necessary corrections.

 

5.  Stage D (Review by Editorial Adviser). Maximum of 10days.

Editor  shall  send  the  corrected  manuscript  received  from  the  author(s)  to  at least two Editorial Advisers for comments.

 

6.  Stage E (Review by Editor-in Chief). Maximum of 10days.

Editor shall send the final corrected manuscript received from the Editorial Adviser to the Editor-in Chief for approval to publish.

 

7.  Stage F (Publication Preparation)

Editor sends the approved manuscript to the Desk Editor, who provides a galley proof, as well as ensures that appropriate payments have been made (including those for coloured figures).

 

8.  Stage G (Journal layout)

Desk Editor will provide the Journal layout team with all accepted manuscripts in preparation for publication. The Journal layout team shall provide PDF versions.

 

9.  Stage H (Journal publication on AJOL website)

 

10.  Stage I (Journal publication on University website www.rjhs.uniosun.edu.ng)

 

Publication Frequency

This journal publishes four (4) issues per year.

 

Editorial Team

 


Position

Names

Specialty

e-mail

 

1

 

Editor-in-Chief

 

Professor Alebiosu C.O. BSc, MBChB, FWACP.

Department of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Osun State University, Nigeria.

 

Nephrology

olutayo.alebiosu@uniosun.edu.ng

Tel:+234-8023277739

+234-8038237500

2

Editor

Prof Akinwusi P.O. BSc, MBChB, FWACP.

Department of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Osun State, University, Nigeria.

 

Cardiology

pat.akinwusi@gmail.com

and pat.akinwusi@uniosun.edu.ng

Tel:+234-8037219451

3

Co-Editor

(Americas, Canada & Europe)

 

 

Dr Ayotunde Dokun MD PhD (USA)
Assistant Professor of Medicine,
Endocrine Elective and Selective Course Director
PO Box 801406, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA  22908, USA

 

 

Endocrinology

 

DOA3Q@hscmail.mcc.virginia.edu

 

Office: 434 243 9559           

Cell: 919 255 2670

4

Co-Editor

(Africa)

Prof. Adesoji Fasanmade, FWACP, PhD. (Nigeria)

Department of Physiology, University of Ibadan.

Physiology

adesojif@yahoo.com

Tel:+234-8033284877

 

5

Co-Editor

(Asia & Australia)

Prof. Gajendra Singh MBBS, MS (India)    

&  Director, Institute of Medical Sciences,            

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi – 221 005.

Anatomy & Electron Microscopy

 

gajendrasinghims@gmail.com

6

Assistant Editor

Prof. Asekun-Olarinmoye E.O. BSc, MD, FWACP.

Department of Community Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Osun State, University.

 

Public Health

gmjfunmilayo@gmail.com

and

estoaskol@yahoo.com

Tel:+234-8033602184

7

Assistant Editor

Prof. Irinoye O.O. (RN, RM, RPHN, Ph.D)Department of Nursing Science,Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University,Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Nursing Science

omololaoni@gmail.com

Tel: +@#$8034095406

8

Assistant Editor

Dr Isawunmi M.A. FCS. MBBCh ,FWACS and FICS,

Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Osun State, University, Nigeria

 

Surgery

misawumi@gmail.com

Tel:+234-8033912103

9

Desk Editor

Dr Atere M.A, MPhil, Department of Biochemistry, College of Health Sciences, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria.

Biochemistry

tope.atere@uniosun.edu.ng

Tel: +234-8035796643

10

Pioneer Desk Editor

Dr Tijani A.A. MBBS, MSc.

Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, Ekiti State University, Ekiti State, Nigeria.

 

Anatomy

jideahmad@gmail.com

 

Tel: +234-8038063582

11

Reference Editor

Dr Omobuwa O. MBChB, MPH, FWACP.

Department of Community Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Osun State, University., Nigeria

Community Medicine

bukkybuwa@gmail.com

Tel:+234-8037394566

12

Reference Editor   

Dr Abiodun O.M. MBBS, FWACS , FMCOG

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, College of Health Sciences, Osun State, University, Nigeria.

 

Obstetrics & Gyanecology

omoniyimoses2004@yahoo.co.uk

Tel: +234-8033767330

13

Language Editor

Dr Balogun T.A. BA, MA, PhD.

Department of Languages & Linguistics, College of Humanities & Culture, Osun State, University, Nigeria.

 

Linguistics

temitopebalogun@ymail.com

Tel: +234-7034929259

14

Language Editor

Prof. Kizito Folorunso, College of Humanities, Osun State University, Ikire Campus, Nigeria

French Language

kfolorunso@yahoo.com

Tel: +234-8037200329

15

Language Editor

Mr Faniran K. F. (B.A.ED., French), M.A., French.) College of Humanities, Osun State University, Ikire Campus, Nigeria

 

felixfaniran@gmail.com

16

Journal Statistician

 

Dr Omisore A. G. MBChB; MPH, FWACP.

Department of Community Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Osun State, University, Nigeria.

Community Medicine

akinloluwaomisore@gmail.com

and

akinomisore@yahoo.com

Tel:+234-8036247712

17

 

Journal Statistician

Dr Adebimpe W.O. MBBS, MPH, FWACP.

Department of Community Medicine, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo State, Nigeria.

Community Medicine

lekanadebimpe@gmail.com

Tel:+234-8033712662

18

 

Editorial Adviser

Prof. Onyemelukwe G.C. (Nigeria)

Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hopital, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Immunology & Diabetes Medicine

 gconyelukwe@yahoo.com

Tel:+234-8037023974

19

 

Editorial Adviser

Prof. Adewole T.A. FWACP, PhD (Nigeria)

BOWEN University, Ogbomoso

Chemical Pathology

 t_adewole@yahoo.com

Tel:+234-8038293154

20

 

Editorial Adviser

Prof. Bakare R.A. PhD (Nigeria)

Department of Medical Microbiology,

University College Hospital, Ibadan

Medical Microbiology

rabakare@yahoo.com

 

21

Editorial Adviser

Prof. D. Famurewa PhD. (Nigeria),

Vice-Chancellor,

Kings University, Ode-Omu, Nigeria.

Medical Microbiology

ofamurewa@yahoo.com

ofamurewa@eksu.edu.ng

 

22

 

Editorial Adviser

Prof. A. Oluwadun PhD (Nigeria),

Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-iwoye

Microbiology and Parasitology

afolabioluwadun@yahoo.com

Tel: +234-8053802840

23

Editorial Adviser

Prof. Ahbor Dolly Awani Ighoroje PhD. (Nigeria)

Department of Physiology, School of Basic Science, Medical Complex, University of Benin.

 

Physiology

dighoroje@yahoo.com,
and

dighoroje@uniben.edu

24

 

Editorial Adviser

Emeritus Prof. Gajendra Singh MBBS, MS (India) &  Director, Institute of Medical Sciences,                

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi – 221 005.

Anatomy & Electron Microscopy

gajendrasinghims@gmail.com

                                                                 

25

 

Editorial Adviser

Dr (Mrs) Madhu Yashpal PhD (India)

Electron Microscope Facility, Department of Anatomy, Institute of Medical Sciences

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi– 221 005.

Anatomy & Electron Microscopy

madhuyashpal@gmail.com

Phone: +91 542 2309467 (Lab.)

Mobile: +919415618900

26

Editorial Adviser

Dr Balogun Rasheed MBBS, MD. (USA)

University of Virginia Health System Charlottesville, VA 22908

 

Nephrology

rbalogun@gmail.com

Phone: (434) 924-5125         Fax: (434) 924-4858

27

Co-Editor

(Americas, Canada & Europe)

 

 

Dr Ayotunde Dokun MD PhD (USA)
Assistant Professor of Medicine,
Endocrine Elective and Selective Course Director
PO Box 801406, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA  22908

 

 

Endocrinology

 

DOA3Q@hscmail.mcc.virginia.edu

 

Office: 434 243 9559           

Cell: 919 255 2670

28

Editorial Adviser

Dr Akinsola Akinbiyi (Australia)

The University of Notre Dame Australia (UNDA),

Consultant Psychiatrist at Mercy Mental Health,

Melbourne Area, Australia.

 

Endocrinology

aakinbiyi@gmail.com

29

Editorial Adviser

Professor Basden JC Onwubere, MBChB, FMCP, FWACP, FCAP. (Nigeria)

Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus.

 

Cardiology

Basden.onwubere@unn.edu.ng

30

Editorial Adviser

Professor Ayodele O.E., FWACP, Department of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, LAUTECH University, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Nephrology

gbengaayox@yahoo.ca

Tel:+234-7038684082

31

Editorial Adviser

Prof. Ahbor Dolly Awani Ighoroje

Department of Physiology, School of Basic Science, Medical Complex, University of Benin, Nigeria

Physiology

dighoroje@yahoo.com

32

Editorial Adviser

Professor Ayodele Olugbenga E,

Department of Medicine, Ladoke Akintola University, Ogbomoso, Nigeria

 

gbengaayox@yahoo.ca

+2347038684082

33

Editorial Adviser

Professor Dinky Levitt, Head of Division of Diabetic Medicine and Endocrinology in the Department of Medicine at Groote Schuur Hospital and University of Cape Town, RSA

Endocrinology

 Dinky.Levitt@uct.ac.za,
 and

dinky@uctgsh1.uct.ac.za

34

Editorial Adviser

Prof. Thajasvarie Naicker (Anita) (South Africa),

Optics and Imaging Centre, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Anatomy

NAICKERA@ukzn.ac.za

35

Editorial Adviser

DR. Olayinka Stephen ILESANMI 

Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, A M Dogliotti College of Medicine, University of Liberia, Monrovia, Liberia.

 

E-MAIL: ileolasteve@yahoo.co.uk ; drilesanmi@gmail.com;   olayinka.ilesanmi@yale.edu

MOBILE TELEPHONE NUMBERS: +231770002844, +231881489253

 

Editorial Process

1.  General Guidelines

a.   All communication by the Editorial Team shall be via designated emails: In all dealings relating to the processing of manuscripts, all editorial team members must use the email addresses designated solely for the Journal (Research Journal of Health Sciences).

b.   Copies of communication through the Journal editorial office in hard copies

must be kept in the Journal editorial office in designated files.

c.   All editorial activities must be completed within stipulated time periods.

 

2.  Initial Assessment (maximum of 7 days)

a. Editor       receives       all       submitted       manuscripts       through editor.rjhs@uniosun.edu.ng

b.   If submitted manuscript is NOT within the scope of the journal, author(s) are informed immediately.

c.   If submitted manuscript is within the scope of the Research Journal of Health

Sciences, the Editor requests the Desk Editor to:

i.   Assign a manuscript number

ii.  Assess for plagiarism

iii.   Assess manuscripts for compliance with author(s) guidelines

iv.   Suggest three  (3) reviewers in the relevant field  (Full names, designation, contact details)

d.  Desk Editor sends out all manuscripts (through deskeditor.rjhs@uniosun.edu.ng) to vetted (or approved) reviewers after receiving editorial endorsement from the Journal Editor through editor.rjhs@uniosun.edu.ng

 

3.  Stage B Completion of peer-review process. (Maximum of 3 - 6) weeks

a.  Desk Editor sends all reviewers comments in a zipped file, as well as the manuscript to the Editor, who in turn, will review the comments for fairness, scientific basis and reach a decision with the Desk Editor. Decisions must be very firm: either ACCEPT (with or without corrections) or REJECT (reason/s must always be provided to author(s), and must have a strong scientific basis).

b.   Editor immediately communicates editorial decision to author(s) in case of

Rejection.

c.   Desk Editor will proceed to send the manuscript to the Journal Statistician in

case of acceptance, with corrections (where applicable).

d. After    receiving    the    Journal    Statistician’s    report, the Desk Editor submits same to the Editor, who reviews the report and communicates appropriate corrections to be made, to the author(s).

e.   Author(s) will submit corrected manuscript to the Editor, who will in turn liaise directly with reviewers to ensure total (full) acceptance.

f.    Finally, Desk Editor will inform the author(s) of ACCEPTANCE OF THE PAPER AND THAT THE PAPER WILL APPEAR IN A SUITABLE EDITION OF THE JOURNAL.

 

4.  Stage C (Journal Preparatory phase). Maximum of 2 weeks.

All comments or corrections must be made through tracked changes review. 
a.   Desk Editor shall:

i.   Request the corresponding author to pay the Journal publication fee

of ($150) or its equivalent.

ii.  Forward the corrected manuscript, SIMULTANEOUSLY, to the:

· Language Editor (languageeditor.RJHS@uniosun.edu.ng)

· Formatting Editor (formattingeditor.RJHS@uniosun.edu.ng)

· Reference Editor (referenceeditor.RJHS@uniosun.edu.ng)

· Desk Editor shall carry out further checks on plagiarism

b. Desk Editor shall then send the processed manuscript, with the tracked comments to the Editor, who reviews the submission, before the Desk Editor sends the manuscript to the corresponding author for necessary corrections.

 

5.  Stage D (Review by Editorial Adviser). Maximum of 10days.

Editor  shall  send  the  corrected  manuscript  received  from  the  author(s)  to  at least two Editorial Advisers for comments.

 

6.  Stage E (Review by Editor-in Chief). Maximum of 10days.

Editor shall send the final corrected manuscript received from the Editorial Adviser to the Editor-in Chief for approval to publish.

 

7.  Stage F (Publication Preparation)

Editor sends the approved manuscript to the Desk Editor, who provides a galley proof, as well as ensures that appropriate payments have been made (including those for coloured figures).

 

8.  Stage G (Journal layout)

Desk Editor will provide the Journal layout team with all accepted manuscripts in preparation for publication. The Journal layout team shall provide PDF versions.

 

9.  Stage H (Journal publication on AJOL website)

 

10.  Stage I (Journal publication on University website www.rjhs.uniosun.edu.ng)

 

Manuscript assessment form

RESEARCH JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES, COLLEGE OF HEALTH SCIENCES, OSUN STATE UNIVERSITY, OSOGBO, NIGERIA

MANUSCRIPT ASSESSMENT FORM

 

Manuscript Reference Number:

Manuscript Title:

Suggested Manuscript Title:

Please indicate “Yes”, “No” or “Not applicable” as appropriate.

1. TITLE

a. Is it reflective of the objective and design of the study?                                  

b. Are the keywords searchable?                                                            

 

2. ABSTRACT

a. Are the contents a comprehensive representation of the full text in terms of methodology, findings and conclusion?                                                                       

b. Is the volume satisfactory?                                                                           

 

3. INTRODUCTION

a. Is the literature rich with global, regional and local literatures and perspectives?  

b. Is the gap in knowledge that the study is attempting to close obvious?                     

 

4. METHODS

a. Are ethical issues (consent, concealment of subject identity, institutional ethical clearance) well addressed?                                                                                         

b. Is the study design consistent with the stated objective?                                                 

5. RESULTS

a. Is there internal consistency – do figures add up? Yes. Are there unexplained missing data?

b. Are the Tables and figures simple and clear to understand?                                 

 

6. DISCUSSION

a Are differences or similarities between comparison studies well explained?           

c. Are the issues discussed consistent with the findings in the study?                                

 

7. CONCLUSION

a. Are the conclusions based on the findings in the study?                                            

b. Are the recommendations based strictly on the findings in the study?                           

 

8. REFERENCES

a. Are the references adequate?                                                                                 

b. Are the references satisfactorily current?

 

9. GENERAL

a. Is the entire text satisfactory in terms of spellings, use of punctuation, grammar and style of expression?                                                                                                              

b. Does the manuscript make a substantial contribution to knowledge?                      

 

VERDICT (Choose one)

 

1) Accept without revisions

2) Accept with minor revisions

3) Accept with major revisions

4) Reject

 

SPECIFIC SUGGESTIONS FOR THE AUTHORS

GENERAL COMMENTS

 

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

 

 

METHODS

 

 

 

 

RESULTS

 

 

 

 

DISCUSSION

 

 

 

 

CONCLUSIONS

 

 

 

 

REFERENCES

 

 

 

 

 

Guidelines for making a Verdict

Acceptance without revisions - Completely flawless

Acceptance with minor revisions - Typographical errors, changes in nomenclature, addition of footnotes to tables and figures, re-arrangement of components of the text.

Acceptance with major revisions - Need for thorough copy-editing for spellings and grammar, data re-analysis, need for more tables or graphical expressions, need for more references or reduction of references, more discussion points, extensive reduction or expansion of the text.

Rejection - No advancement of knowledge, narrow scope or shallow depth of study and accruing findings, wrong and irreparable methodology, misleading data interpretations, lack of data consistency, claims and statements which are not scientifically sound, misleading conclusions.

WOULD YOU LIKE TO REVIEW THE REVISED MANUSCRIPT- YES OR NO?

                                

Name of reviewer:                                                          Date.

 

Contact details: 

 

Author reply template

Reply to the reviewers’ comments

Original Title:

Revised Title:

 

Reviewer Number 1

Original comments of the reviewer

Reply by the author(s)

Changes done on page number and line number

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reviewer Number 2

Original comments of the reviewer

Reply by the author(s)

Changes done on page number and line number

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reviewer Number 3

Original comments of the reviewer

Reply by the author(s)

Changes done on page number and line number

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manuscript submission covering letter

Institutional Address and Date

 

The Editor-in-Chief,

Research Journal of Health Sciences,

College of Health Sciences,

Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria

 

Dear Sir,

SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPT FOR CONSIDERATION FOR PUBLICATION: Title -

The authors humbly wish to submit the above named manuscript for publication in the Research Journal of Health Sciences. The article is solely submitted to the Journal, and has not been published elsewhere or simultaneously submitted to another journal for consideration for publication. The authors accept to transfer the copyright of accepted and published article to the Journal.

Please address all correspondence to the undersigned. Kindly acknowledge receipt. Thank you.

 

Yours sincerely,

Name of Lead Author, Telephone and Email address

 

 

 

Information about the price and details to purchase

  1.  Payment includes postage and taxes.
  2. Payment can be made by Cheque payable to:  College of Health Sciences, Osun State University.
  3. Download the Subscription Forms (Individuals and Institutional).
  4. Send enquiries to Marketing Manager: Research Journal of Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria. Ph. 08035796643 / 08038237500

Email: deskeditor2.rjhs@uniosun.edu.ng / editor.rjhs@uniosun.edu.ng

 

About the Journal

Research Journal of Health Sciences is an international peer-reviewed scientific quarterly Journal of the College of Health Sciences, Osun State University, Nigeria, dedicated to the promotion of research in health and related biological sciences. The Journal is published in English language and abstracts translated in French. It adheres to the international acceptable editorial standards, as published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (http://www.icmje.org/urm_main.html).

Research Journal of Health Sciences journal is a peer reviewed, Open Access journal. The Journal subscribed to terms and conditions of Open Access publication. Articles are distributed under the terms of Creative Commons License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). (http://creativecommons.org/licences/by-nc-nd/4.0). All articles are made freely accessible for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.

Efforts have been made by the Editorial Board and publisher to ensure that no inaccuracies or misleading information, opinions or statements appear in the articles being published in this journal. It is therefore important to note that all such information, statements or opinions appearing in the Research Journal of Health Sciences are those of contributors who themselves are solely responsible for the correctness of same. The opinions expressed or statements made herein are not necessarily the opinions and views of the Journal Editorial Board, the College of Health Sciences or the Osun State University. The College, the University or the Editorial Board therefore takes no responsibility or liability whatsoever, for any form of consequence(s) arising from the use of any of the articles published in this Journal.



ISSN: 2467-8252
AJOL African Journals Online