Research Journal of Health Sciences

Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

Remember me or Register

Knowledge and attitude towards onchocerciasis and community directed treatment with ivermectin in endemic communities in Edo State, Nigeria.

AO Onowhakpor, OH Okojie, VA Wagbatsoma


Objective: Community directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) was developed as a solution for the control and elimination of onchocerciasisis. It involves active and structural community participation. CDTI requires that ivermectin be administered continuously over a period of at least 14years before elimination can be achieved in hyper and meso-endemic communities. The study assessed the knowledge and attitude of community's members towards onchocerciasis and the CDTI strategy in endemic communities in Edo State, Nigeria.
Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study involving seven hundred and twenty community members' selected using multistage sampling technique. Data was collected using a pre-tested structured interviewers' administered questionnaire and was analysed using IBM SPSS version 21.0 software. Level of statistical significance was set at p < 0.05
Results: The mean age (SD) of respondents was 45.9 (15.2) years. Six hundred and one (83.5%) and 591 (82.1%) of the respondents had good knowledge of onchocerciasis and CDTI strategy respectively. The significant predictors of good knowledge on onchocerciasis were age (p = 0.001), sex (p = 0.001) and level of education (p = 0.001) while that of CDTI strategy were sex (p = 0.001) and level of education (p = 0.001). Five hundred and ninety seven (82.9%) of the respondents had a good attitude towards the CDTI strategy and its significant predictor was level of education (p = 0.006)
Conclusion: Findings from this study revealed that there are still gaps in knowledge as regards onchocerciasis and the CDTI strategy among community members in the study area. Re-enforcement of health education messages on onchocerciasis and CDTI strategy in endemic areas is recommended so as to improve knowledge and consequent acceptance of the CDTI strategy.

Keywords: Community Directed Treatment with Ivermectin, Onchocerciasis. Knowledge, Attitude, Nigeria.
AJOL African Journals Online