Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccine among Adults in Two Urban Local Government Areas of Kwara State, North Central Nigeria

  • Idowu Ajibola Department of Community Medicine, Bowen University, Iwo Nigeria
  • Olowwokere Anu Samuel Department of Community Medicine, Bowen University, Iwo Nigeria
  • Israel Kikelomo Oluseyi Department of Community Health, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Nigeria
  • Akinwumi Adebowale Femi Department of Community Health, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
Keywords: Covid-19, vaccine, awareness, vaccine hesitancy, attitude, knowledge, Nigeria


Covid-19 has unquantifiable negative impacts on the world’s socio-economic parameters. The rapid discovery of vaccines to fight this pandemic is a monumental scientific breakthrough.
Study objective
The study assessed willingness of adult Nigerians to accept Covid-19 vaccine and elucidated on factors influencing such decisions.
Cross-sectional design was employed among 400 respondents recruited using multi-stage random sampling technique in Ilorin, Kwara-State, Nigeria. Pretested interviewer-administered, semi-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were carried out.
Mean age ±SD of respondents was 40.85±13.75 and 215 (53.7%) of them were males. Those who possessed good knowledge of Covid-19 were 321 (80.3%), but few respondents had misconceptions regarding its causation. Attitude to Covid-19 vaccination was positive in 360 (90%) of the respondents, 278 (69.5%) were willing to accept the vaccine. Respondents’ Covid-19 knowledge and attitude to its vaccination were the main determinants of willingness to receive the vaccine.
The Nigerian government urgently needs to leverage on the positive attitude of the people to fully implement its covid-19 vaccination policies which can ensure effective coverage and equitable access to the revolutionary Covid-19 vaccines. Awareness campaign on practice of other preventive measures should be sustained to produce a synergistic control effort.
Rwanda J Med Health Sci 2022;5(2):127-140


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2616-9827
print ISSN: 2616-9819