Rwanda Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Business <p>The main objective of the <em>Rwanda Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Business&nbsp;</em>(RJSHB) is to disseminate scientific knowledge and generate debate in an interdisciplinary context, linking the different areas of social sciences such as anthropology, political science, history, philosophy, Sociology, Social Work, Education, Human Resources, Administration, Gender Studies, Peace and Conflict Studies, Psychology, Development Studies, Geography, journalism and communication, Fine and Performing art, Language and Linguistics, information studies, Religion, all areas of law, Management and Business Studies, economy and related fields.</p> <p>RJSHB is focused on the analysis of societies, on the study of social problems, and on guidelines needed to overcome them. Thus, it is contributing to a qualitative and social transformation. This will help to the societies' development with a rigorous scientific basis, internationally proved.</p> <p>With this approach, the journal also aims to reflect the outcomes of the major global research in social sciences, humanities and business; RJSHB pretends to achieve critical and scientific debate based on evidences that contribute to the theoretical and empirical knowledge.</p> University of Rwanda, Kigali , Rwanda en-US Rwanda Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Business 2708-759X <p>By submission of the manuscript for publication in Rwanda Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Business, the author(s) agrees to transfer the copyright to the journal.</p> Primary schools’ development in Somaliland – The role of Community Education Committees <p>The study sought to determine the methods used to participate the community in school infrastructure projects. It also examined the extent and effectiveness of the community education committee participation process. Done as a cross-sectional survey using mixed methods of inquiry, the study targeted 1002 respondents consisting of 920 headteachers and 82 officers in charge of District Education (DEOs) in Somaliland. The sample comprised 257 headteachers and 22 DEOs. Multi stage sampling was used. Purposive sampling was used to draw a sample of regions, stratified random sampling to draw a sample of headteachers while simple random sampling was used to draw a sample of DEOs. Pilot testing of the questionnaire was done on 28 headteachers. DEOs were interviewed while Headteachers filled questionnaires. Reliability of the questionnaire was ensured using Cronbach alpha. Empirical literature review, peer review and pilot testing were used to ensure validity. The response was received from 20 DEOs and 247 headteachers. Thematic analysis was used to analyse interview data collected from DEOs. Headteachers data collected by questionnaire were analysed using descriptive statistics. Participating the community in decision-making, offering free labour and and fundraising were the leading methods of participating communities in school infrastructure projects. Communities perceived full ownership of completed school infrastructure projects. Community members were satisfied with the schools‘ participation process. Most schools had realized their community participation goals. The CEC process was just one of the numerous ways the community participated in school infrastructure projects. The CEC participation method was largely working and realising its goals. More school development could be realised if the CEC participation process was further strengthened.</p> Stephen J. Kamau Charles M. Rambo John Mbugua Copyright (c) 2021-04-05 2021-04-05 2 2 6 24 10.4314/rjsshb.v2i2.2 “Avoiding the consequences of being famous”: An interview with the Queen of Rwandan Karaoke, Jane Uwimana <p>Karaoke is the act of singing to prerecorded music. Put differently, karaoke is an exhibition of some sort of scripted simulation (Adams, 1996). The literature on karaoke performance is extensive across the globe. In Africa, however, this literature is non-existent. This is so in spite of the rampancy of the category in Rwanda‘s provinces where a karaoke fever brews, a near-absent nightlife notwithstanding. Having witnessed the popularity of karaoke in the country firsthand, and towards addressing the curious gap in the extant literature, Isought audiences with a selection of leading karaoke performers in contemporary Rwanda. Jane Uwimana is a blogger, a radio presenter and the acclaimed queen of Rwandan karaoke. This paper presents excerpts from a semi-structured interview with Ms. Uwimana held at her residence in Kigali. The interview session which was recorded using a tape recorder lasted about one hundred minutes. This was subsequently transcribed for purposes of presentation.</p> Garhe Osiebe Copyright (c) 2021-04-05 2021-04-05 2 2 25 45 10.4314/rjsshb.v2i2.3 Ending impunity for gender crimes: Access to justice for violence against women and its contribution to sustainable peace building in Rwanda. <p>This paper seeks to establish the contribution of Accessible justice to ending impunity for violence against women. Consequently, it investigates how far availing legal remedies to victims of violence against women leads to sustainable peace building in Rwanda. In doing so, the study adopts a case of Access to Justice Bureaus- a judicial service established by the government of Rwanda to help people have access to free legal remedies. Based on data collected from fifty five in-depth interviews and six focus group discussions in the four provinces and Kigali city, findings reveal that through free legal representation, community mobilization, formation of gender dialogue groups and multi-sectoral collaboration, Access to Justice Bureaus have played an important role in combatting impunity to violence against women. Conversely, findings also point to a number of challenges that need to be addressed if violence against women is to be fully eradicated.</p> Gasasira Gasana John Margaret W. Gachihi Herbert Misigo Amatsimbi Etienne Ruvebana Copyright (c) 2021-04-05 2021-04-05 2 2 46 70 10.4314/rjsshb.v2i2.4 The informal features of micro and small enterprises and its incompatibility with the partnership law in Ethiopia <div>This paper aims to analyze unfitness of micro and small enterprises with the existing trade law particularly partnership rules in Ethiopia. Qualitative research methodology is utilized in order to capture and analyze accurate and in-depth insight of the fact that micro and small enterprises in Ethiopia are not compatible with the existing partnership law though partnership form of firms are suitable for small business. The available literatures related to the issue were professionally scrutinized and analyzed for the purpose of the research. The results of this research shows that micro and small enterprises in Ethiopia are formed as simply business organization which does not specify the kind of firm structure. Formation, management, liability and dissolution of micro and small enterprises deviate from the partnership requirements stipulated under the Ethiopian commercial code. Furthermore, micro and small enterprises are operating as informal sector business though the sectors‘ development strategy clearly states that they should be organized under trade law. Therefore, micro and small enterprises system should be reformed in order to make them to be compatible with the existing commercial law.</div> Teshale Shambel Copyright (c) 2021-04-08 2021-04-08 2 2 71 87 10.4314/rjsshb.v2i2.5 Environmental and social injustices in East Africa: A critique of the modernization approach to environmental communication <p>The existing environmental injustices in the world have often been linked to industrialisation and modernisation of nations. In a bid to develop and modernise their nations, East African governments have adopted neoclassical developmentalist ideals of 'modernization' and 'capital investments‘, which largely involve exploitation of natural and human resources. The consequence is rampant and severe environmental degradation and related impacts in the region. While environmental degradation impacts affect all people residing in the region, the poor are hit hardest since they do not have ways to deal with disasters; hence, it becomes an environmental and a social justice issue. Although mass media are viewed as change agents and key players in the development agenda, and are often tasked to communicate information as widely as possible, these have adopted hierarchical and top down approaches to environmental and social justice issues and, in the process, helped to deepen the existing inequalities in society. From perspectives of Development Communication, this article critiques modernization discourses to development including: 'Top-down experts of development‘, 'Blaming the victim‘ and 'Social Darwinism‘. The purpose is to demonstrate how the East African media deploy this framework to (mis)represent environmental issues leading to aggravated environmental and social injustices in these societies. The article argues for a 'solution journalism approach‘ to environmental communication, whereby media as advocates of development, focus more on the contextual factors within which environmental issues and problems transpire.&nbsp;</p> Margaret Jjuuko Copyright (c) 2021-04-05 2021-04-05 2 2 88 116 10.4314/rjsshb.v2i2.6 Editorial <p>No Abstract.</p> Etienne Serupia Semuhoza Copyright (c) 2021-04-05 2021-04-05 2 2 3 5 10.4314/rjsshb.v2i2.1