Mapping of groundwater potential using integrated geophysical techniques at forestry research institute of Nigeria, Ibadan, South Western Nigeria
Water is an essential commodity for life survival on Earth. Groundwater exists below the surface in the soil pores, fractures within rocks, fissures, and other weak geological features or zones. The aim of this research was to delineate groundwater potential within the Forest Research Institute of Nigeria (FRIN) and hence determining the possible areas suitable for siting borehole for sustainable potable water supply. Four electromagnetic traverses were carried out and ten vertical electrical sounding (VES) points were identified for detailed probing using the Schlumberger configuration. Wenner array survey was also carried out along two traverses. The VES data collected was processed using curve matching and Computer software called Winresist while Wenner array was processed using RES2DINV. The results from the interpretation of the four (4) EM profiles revealed low conductivity zone with a value ranging from 4.6 to 19.7 mS m.-1 The results of VES give a maximum of four subsurface geoelectrical layers with five curve types, which are K, Q, AK, HK, and KH. The weathered basement has a resistivity value ranging from143.8 to 450 Ωm and depth to basement ranging between 13.9 m and 39.4 m. The interpretation of the ten VES points obtained suggested that three VES points (VES 2, 5, and 7) are suitable for borehole drilling. The results of the 2D resistivity value ranges from 17.5 to 747 Ωm with a varying depth between 3.25 and 15.9 m. The results of the integrated geophysical survey techniques have proven to be an effective method for groundwater delineation in the study area.