Factors influencing immunisation coverage among children under five years of age in Khartoum State, Sudan
Background This article explores the hypothesis that predisposing and enabling factors of households influence the vaccination status of the children under the age of five in Khartoum State, Sudan. Method The study was a cross-sectional survey among a representative sample of 410 male and female children under five years of age from households with varying socio-economic status and mothers with varying levels of education, from both urban and rural localities in the state. Results The correct vaccination coverage rate for children was found to be high. Children in urban and rural areas differed substantially in their correct vaccination rates and their receipt of each vaccine separately. Walking or travelling time to the place of vaccination was found to be longer in rural areas when compared with urban areas. The vaccination rate increased with an increase in the age of the children and the education level of the mother. Children of older mothers were more likely to have had the correct vaccinations. The mothers\' knowledge of and attitudes to vaccination showed a strong relationship with the vaccination status of their children. When the coverage rate for each vaccine was taken separately, the economic level of the households significantly affected only the BCG vaccine coverage. Most vaccinations occurred in public outlet agencies. Conclusion The large differences found in vaccination coverage by place of residence and level of mother\'s education suggest that much greater efforts are required by the government if better rates of correct vaccination are to be achieved in rural areas.
South African Family Practice Vol. 49 (8) 2007: pp. 14