Relationship between socio-economic characteristics of older adults’ women and family planning use in Botswana
Older adults (50 years and over) are still sexually active and therefore vulnerable to unplanned pregnancy, infection of STIs and HIV, yet there are no programmes in place to cater for their family planning needs. The objective of the study is to show how some socio-economic characteristics of older adults influence their family planning (FP) use. The study used a stratified random sampling design where four health districts (two urban and two rural) were purposively selected and the sample size of 444 older adult women allocated to the districts using proportional allocation to size. Snowball technique was used in identifying respondents. The multinomial logistic regression analysis reveals that while age, marital status, educational qualification, employment status, menopausal status, district and desire for another child jointly significantly predict FP use, only menopausal status and desire for another child individually significantly (p<0.01) predict FP use. Older adult women who desired another child were significantly (p<0.01) 7.5 times more likely to use family planning (FP) methods than those who do not want another child. The postmenopausal older adult women were less likely to use FP methods than those in their premenopausal state (OR = 0.13). Women with no schooling were less likely to use FP methods than those with degree/professional qualifications. Single and married women were less likely to use FP methods than the divorced/widowed/separated. The study recommends the promotion of education and training on FP use among the older adult women that will take into consideration their menopausal status and desire for another child. The training should be home-based.